Preview

Haiti In The Cold War Essay

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
682 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Haiti In The Cold War Essay
Notes
Haiti in the Cold War
-Won presidential election in Sept. 1957 He was supported by the US because he strongly opposed communism. But then the US backed away from him because he used secret military attacks that killed many of the Haiti people. The US backed away because they didn’t want to destroy their human rights image. (Haiti under Siege Article at Socialistworker.org)
-Dictator
-“He attacked all national institutions” that could oppose him; he shut down everything from the press; Catholic Church, schools and colleges; cracked down the unions; punished his critics with torture and death and rewarded his followers with funds; and created a climate of terror through random violent attacks by the military.” (Haiti under
…show more content…
Corruption--in the form of government rake-offs of industries, bribery, extortion of domestic businesses, and stolen government funds--enriched the dictator 's closest supporters” (Comparative Criminology/ North America – Haiti)
-His dictatorship worried US president John F. Kennedy. Kennedy suspended economic/ military aid because Duvalier just wanted to make his tonton makouts stronger.
-Tensions began between Haiti and the Dominican Republic in April 1963 when Dominican Republic president Juan Bosch Gavino “provided an asylum and direct support to Haitian exiles.” (Comparative Criminology/ North America – Haiti)
-April 1969 Francois establishes an anti communist law that removed any profession of communist belief such writers, professors, and journalist and warned a penalty of death upon them. (“Haiti Under Siege” 200 Years of U.S. imperialism by Helen Scott)
- Francois Duvalier dies in 1971 and his son Jean-Claude Duvalier is president and continues his father’s rule. (Comparative Criminology/ North America –
…show more content…
In September 1957, Francois Duvalier became president of Haiti. As a dictator he was driven by greed and wanted to get rid of communism in the country. He shut down everything from the press, Catholic Church, and schools. He punished anyone who went against him with violent attacks from the military in which he named the Tonton Makouts. He used the superior power of the military to maintain his own power. His cruel dictatorship worried many of the presidents of the US throughout his leadership. US President John F. Kennedy suspended economic and military aid because he saw that Francois just wanted to make his military stronger. Francois Duvalier established an anti communist law in April 1969 removing all professions affiliated with communist belief such as writers, professors, and

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Slavery In Saint Domingue

    • 1056 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Who knew at its start in 1791, a slave revolt in Saint Domingue would lead to the first Black republic that continues to have global implications on the rest of the world? The African slaves that were viewed as being socially, culturally and intellectually inadequate more than proved their worth by defeating their colonizers. Now the Republic of Haiti, the country’s revolution serves as a symbol of Black intellectual and social greatness that continues to contradict the standard, set by a White oppressive world.…

    • 1056 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In 1957 Francois Duvalier, a medical doctor, won a free and open election for the presidency. To make his power known, he reduce the size of the army and with his chief aide, Clément Barbot, they created the Tontons Macoutes . In 1959, he had a heart attack in which Barbot had to take over for a while. When he recovered he manipulated the legislative elections in 1961 which extended his term to 1967 in addition, he took more corrupt and despotic measures that terminated U.S aid to Haiti. That summer he had Barbot murdered, he was sent to prison after but on his release he attempted an insurrection. The people tried to overthrow him but were unsuccessful. April of 1964 he declared himself president for life, this man was able to stay in power longer than any of the other presidents. His administration of terror quelled political dissent that caused approximately 30,000 deaths, but at the same time made achieved a degree of political…

    • 1987 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Juan Pablo Duarte Essay

    • 462 Words
    • 2 Pages

    occupy the country to “protect” its inhabitants from Europeo rule. Duarte was the forerunner in…

    • 462 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    He had gotten power with the help of mostly poor Cubans so they liked him. His original motives were to get rid of the oppression that his people suffered because of Batista. Castro setup a socialist government. Since he felt that gambling was corrupt, he closed down the casinos. The businesses owned by the wealthy were taken over by the government. Doctors were forced to work in all parts of Cuba. Before that most doctors worked in Havana where they could treat many wealthy patients. As a result of Castro’s new rules, many doctors left the country. Farmland was taken away and given to the government. Castro decided who could visit other countries and talk to people outside of Cuba. Most of the people were not allowed to travel and Castro had spies all over. The homes and businesses of wealthy people were taken over for government purposes. More than one million Cubans left the country. Most of them were middle class people who were suffering under the strict Castro…

    • 860 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Haiti’s political system was difficult for many citizens. Most were frightened from overhearing rumors of soldiers convicting many innocent citizens of crimes. The terrifying reality of it all was that nothing was done to stop the soldier’s cruel actions. The government wasn’t either they allowed it. They aren’t enforcing the laws to anyone. Myriads of people were dying by starvation. It was extremely difficult keeping a family together. since the father would always be at work to earn money for the family. Meanwhile the mother would have to stay home and take care of her son and/or daughter. The government wasn’t stable since many residents would be replace by military force. Danticat was afraid knowing her government. She might have thought that she was even going to die because of the…

    • 420 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Reference to Haitian socio-cultural history is prevalent in “Dream Haiti.” The narrator has left Haiti in the “petit martin” in order to escape from dictatorship of Duvalier as is proven by the reference to “macoute.” After surviving an attempted coup in 1958, Duvalier established the the Volontaires de la Sécurité Nationale (MVSN) more commonly known as the Tonton Macoute (or fabled…

    • 2368 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Following the ousting of Élie Lescot and the January Revolution of 1946, Haiti was once more in the state of political turmoil, this time divisions growing between the Leftist and the Noirist camps. With an election largely overseen by the army, Dumarsais Estimé assumed the presidential office on August 16, 1946. Although Noirist politicians saw Estimé’s election as a victory of the Noirist movement (given that the new head of state was the first black president since the U.S. Occupation of Haiti), their enthusiasm cooled down as Estimé turned out to be a moderate who aimed at political compromise between black in mulatto élites.…

    • 116 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    This edition is required to analyze the development of the perspective of the two countries shared the same island. The two countries were struggling for peace each other long ago. Today, it is a great opportunity for me to continue my writing about the Dominican Republic and Haiti. To be updated, I am visiting the library so many times, I go through different books, magazines, newspaperman, and websites which help me to get acquainted with new topics. Furthermore, I am focusing on those topics which are important for me to understand about this subject.…

    • 168 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Haiti Political Issues

    • 112 Words
    • 1 Page

    Current political issues is also a pattern of Haiti’s that continuously restricts its economy from growing. The Duvalier regime ended in 1986, which was subsequently followed by a series of unsuccessful political elections. In the four years following the regime decline in 1986, there were six different heads of state. This period of time was detrimental to Haiti’s economic activity. Money generated in the country began to decrease while the government started to focus its efforts on public works such as construction and defense. Throughout the 1980’s and 90’s Haiti’s GDP per capita was steadily decreasing. Then, in 1991, the U.S. imposed an embargo on Haiti which severely hurt Haiti’s assembly industry.…

    • 112 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    As Charles Dickens (1859) wrote in A Tale of Two Cities, the French Revolution can truly be described as, “It was the best of times, it was the worst of time. . . .” (p. 3) This period in history was a tremendously hard time for the hoi polloi in France at the time of the revolution, but a not so difficult time for the wealthy. The citizens were fighting for equality and the revolution not only greatly influenced other events in Europe, but it also influenced events across the empire such as Haiti. During the French Revolution, there was a period known as the “Reign of Terror”.…

    • 843 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In the first half of the twentieth century, the United States has intervened militarily in the Caribbean. This intervention lasted from 1898 to the mid 1930’s. During those thirty three years, the United States intervened militarily in Cuba, Mexico, Haiti, Santo Domingo (which is now Dominican Republic), Panama and Nicaragua. This paper will focus on the effects that this intervention had on Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Though the United States intervention in Haiti and the Dominican Republic aggravated a number of socio-economic and political problems, there were also positive impacts made on these countries due to the interventions.…

    • 1653 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    In Haiti, a complex system of Afrocentrism and Europhilia existed where although the people expressed pride in their Africanness, they still idolized a Light skinned, French Elite whose mannerisms and behaviour and views were more French than Haitian. Also lead the Dominican Republic to DEEPLY mistrust anything and everything regarding Haiti,Haitian people, and many Black people in general. Even today, the DR has a deep psychological complex regarding race and colour, and many Dominicans would rather identify with Spain than AfricaEconomic repercussions for Haitian people. The revolt led to Haiti largely being ostracized by the Western powers. Unable to carry on trade, Haiti ended up returning to a state of quasi-serfdom where people would work the land owned by a landowner. Profits returned to 70% of the former French peak, but after the death of Phillipe Pétion it fell apart. Also, in order to be legitimized in the world community Haiti was practically forced to pay the FRENCH for their "lost property" which amounted to about 150 million francs, or 21 billion dollars in today 's money. Imagine asking a bunch of impoverished, illiterate slaves to come up with that kinda money? It basically crippled the economy worse than it already didFinally, it set a precedent for social and political instability in the region. Unlike the US and the English-Speaking Caribbean, where for the most part…

    • 3664 Words
    • 15 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Charles, Carolle. “Gender and Politics in Contemporary Haiti: The Duvalierist State, Transnationalism, and the Emergence of a New Feminism (1980–1990).” Feminist Studies 21.1 (Spring 1994): 135–64.…

    • 3270 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Haitian Revolution

    • 852 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Haitian Revolution was a global event because it demonstrated that Haitian revolutionaries were influence and inspired by enlightenment ideas from France and other European nations as shown in documents 1, 2 and 6. In the declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, Enlightenment thought was show to be an influence in codes for France (Doc 2). These rights that are applied toward the French are not applied toward Haiti. Haiti is strictly controlled by the French through series of laws as shown in the French Code Noir (Doc 1). Their lack of natural rights inspired them to step forward and gain independence so that they can receive natural rights. They were inspired to build their own nation based upon Enlightenment thinking of “liberty” and “peace” that was inspired by Enlightenment (Doc 6). Jean Jacques Dessalines was speaking to the Haitians right after Haiti gained independence. With the revolution still fresh in their mind, their opposition against France should still linger, which is why Dessalines’s words against France was had hatred toward them. An additional document, to further my understanding of how Enlightenment affected Haiti is if I have a document pertaining the citizens of Haiti reacting to the letter Dessalines sent to the them through written documents or diaries.…

    • 852 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Haitian Revolution

    • 1207 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Although the Haitian people were independent from France and the rest of Europe, the Europeans still had some sort of impact on their community socially. In a book written in the 20th century by historian Mark Almond, Haiti’s social history is recorded, “In May 1802, Napoleon’s forces tried to re-establish slavery [in Haiti]” (Document 4). Although the revolution wasn’t complete until 1804, this still proves that the French were still pushing to control the social aspects of Haiti. Although the French wanted to establish their social classes in Haiti, the Haitians fought back and united everyone together in order to start the revolution, “At a secret forest meeting held on August 14, 1791, the persons who were to lead the initial stage of the revolution gathered to affirm their commitment to one another at a voodoo ritual…” (Document 5). Despite all of these social conflicts, the revolution had a lasting impact on the world socially. William Wordsworth, a white British author wrote a poem highlighting the life of Toussaint L’Ouverture, the first leader of the revolution, “Though fallen Thyself, never to rise again, live, and take comfort. Thou hast left behind powers that will work for thee; air, earth, and skies…” (Document 8). This poem was written after Britain abolished slavery (1830’s), therefore Wordsworth lived in a time where people were against slavery for the first time in all of history. He wrote this poem of lament to pay tribute to those who died fighting for slavery. He was upset that people had to die for others to…

    • 1207 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays