This investigation examined four existing studies that explored the reasons in why Haiti is more impoverished than its neighbor, the Dominican Republic. Haiti occupies the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. The other two thirds of the island is the Dominican Republic. These two independent countries are broadly similar in terms of geography and historical institutions, yet their growth performance has diverged remarkably. In the first study they talk about how AIDS has affected Haiti and how is it been concentrated in some of the Bateyes* in the Dominican Republic, affecting its population. The second study proposes measures to improve the migration system between the two countries so as to reduce the vulnerability to human rights deprivations of Haitians in the Dominican Republic. The third study addresses the growth of the two countries since 1960, when both countries had the same income per capita, just below $800. The fourth study examines the present state of health and education of the Haitian people, in the wake of the recent natural disasters.
*A Batey (plural is bateyes) is a company town where sugar workers live, in this context it is where illegal Haitian workers live in the Dominican Republic with very poor conditions.
Poverty in Haiti is massive and deep. Up to one million Haitian immigrants live in the Dominican Republic, most of them illegally. The high unemployment rate is a major cause of increasing levels of crime thought Haiti, especially in urban areas such as the capital, Port-Au-Prince; also this has been the cause of emigration to the Dominican Republic.
Haiti is described as highly corrupted according to the Corruption Perception Index score system (2008). The most common type of corruption that exists in Haiti is known as political corruption. Facilitators of this form of corruption continue to assist political leaders
References: Brown, G., (2010). The tragedy of Haiti: A reason for major cultural change. The ABNF Journal, 90-93. Central Intelligence Agency 2010. The world fact book Dominican Republic. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html CSR International (2010) Fletcher, L., & Miller, T. (2004). New perspectives on old patterns: Forced migration of Haitians in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies. pp. 659-679. Jamarillo, L., & Sancak, C., (2009)