Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji[ਗੁਰੂ ਤੇਗ ਬਹਾਦੁਰ ਜੀ]: 1621 - 1675 [Guruship:1664-1675]
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was the Ninth Guru who was born in year 1621. Guru Ji's original name was Tyal Mal (Master of Detachment). He spent his childhood at Amritsar. In his early years he learned Gurmukhi, Hindi, Sanskrit and Indian religious philosophy from Bhai Gurdas, and archery and horsemanship from Baba Budha while his father Guru Hargobind Ji, Master of Miri and Piri taught him swordsmanship. Guru Ji was married to Mata Gujri Ji at Kartarpur in 1632. [pic]
Guru Ji named Tegh Bahadur from Tegh Mall:
Only 13 years old, he asked his father to accompany him into battle as his village was attack by Painde Khan and the Moghuls in a battle over Shah Jahan's hawk. During the battle he had weighed into the enemies with abandon, slashing his sword right and left. After the battle was won, (the Battle of Kartarpur) the victorious Sikhs returning home honored their new hero with a new 'warriors' name. And so Tyal Mal Ji was renamed Tegh Bahadur Ji (lit. Brave sword wielder or Best sword wielder).(Tegh = wielder of the sword. Bahadur (originally meaning brave was by that time being also used as a superlative meaning better or best). The young Tegh Bahadur soon showed a bent in the direction of the earlier Sikhs Gurus who had passed the 'seli' of Nanak (the sacred headgear of renunciation) to each new Guru. He delved into his studies and spent his time in meditation living up to his given name - Master of Detachment. [pic]
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji received Guruship:
Before Guru Har Krishan Ji passed to God’s court, he indicated that his successor would be found in Bakala. Earlier a wealthy Sikh trader Makhan Shah whose ship was caught in a violent storm prayed to God that if his ship reached port safely he would give 5oo golden Mohurs to his Guru Har Krishan. The ship landed safely and proving to be a Sikh of great integrity he headed to Delhi where the young Guru had traveled at the command...
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