Top-Rated Free Essay

guns germs and steel

Good Essays
Topics: Agriculture, Inca
Guns, Germs, and Steel Video Questions/ Answers
Episode 1
Name: Cindy Liu
Per______
Jared Diamond has a theory about what causes huge discrepancies among different countries, and he says it boils down to geographic luck.

What was great about the “Fertile Crescent”?
The big four livestock animals; cows, pigs, sheep, and goats, were native to the Middle East. Also, due to its fertile land, the Fertile Crescent housed the best crops in the world. The great crops and animals it had benefited the civilizations it reached.

Why do the people in New Guinea struggle to strive (what holds them back)?
New Guinea's geography didn't have as many advantages as other civilizations. They didn't acquire the same raw materials as Americans and Europeans (cows, sheep, goats, horses, wheat, barley). New Guinea agriculture was not productive enough to generate food surpluses. As a result, New Guineans were too busy farming, instead of specializing in something (no metalworkers, no metal tools). Westeners, on the other hand, were able to supply their population with a surplus amount of food, leading to more advanced technology.

How are people domesticating crops to get bigger, tastier yields?
People interferes with nature by planting an harvesting anytime they think is suitible. They also choose the type of crop they want to replant to increase the following year's harvest.

According to Diamond, livestock also play a huge role in a civilization’s ability to become rich and powerful. How did the domestication of animals help people? Give examples:
a. The use of animals such as a horse as transportaion and warfare
b. They provided fertilizer for feilds
c. Animals were used to make clothing

List 4 of the animals that have been domesticated
a. pigs b. cow c. sheep d. goat

What do they have in common?
They are all resouceful.

How did the ability to domesticate animals help a civilization’s ability to become rich and powerful?
a. Allowed people to stay in one area

b. People didn't have to hunt.

What happened to the “Fertile Crescent” over time? What caused this?
It was abandoned, because the climate was too dry and its ecology was not suitable for continuous intensive farming.

Episode 2 At the time that the Spanish conquistador’s invaded the Inca Empire, they were armed with state of the art weaponry. Describe this weaponry:

The Toledo sword was long, sharp and deadly. It was used for slashing and stabbing and was able to kill dozens within a short time. The Spanish Conquistadors rode on horses, which made them seem more god like.

What is Jared Diamond’s explanation for why the Spanish had advanced to steel swords while Inca’s were still making tools and weapons from bronze?
Europe was geographically closer to the Fertile Crescent, so they inherited 7,000 years of metal technology. They had more time to devote on a specialization so they spent more effort developing stronger weapons.

b. How did their diversified society help with this cause?
There were people specializing an specific fields, so there were people who were specialized in metal work. Those people made weapons, while others are farming or doing something else.

What battle tactics were used by the conquistadors to help them defeat the large Inca army?

The Spaniards surprised the Incas by riding on horseback and firing gunshots. All these factors were foreign to Incas. As the Incas were fleeting rather than fighting back, the Spaniards killed many.

b. What did the Inca’s need to do to be successful in war?
Fight back despite the contrast of weaponry, because the Incas greatly outnumbered the Spaniards.

According to Diamond, what made the Europeans “accidental conquerors”?
The location of Europe allowed they to be the first to have guns, germs, and steel, which was a great advantage in conquering less developed civilizations.

Guns, Germs, and Steel Episode 3

Europeans were able to develop guns, germs, and steel to help them conquer the world. What does Diamond think helped them the most in developing those factors?
Germs, because they spread the fastest without any effort.

Why were Europeans successful on the South African cape? How was it similar to back home?
The temperature and climate was similar to back home. That allowed Europeans to grow the same type of crops and raise the same livestock as they did back home.

Why did people in the African cape and Americas struggle so much with the germs that the Europeans brought?
The people of the African Cape were never exposed to these germs before, so their body is not naturally immune to them as the Europeans are. The germs killed a massive amount of the African cape population.

How did the native African eventually protect themselves from the germs causing Smallpox and Malaria?
Smallpox: Their bodies developed immunity due to repeated exposure to this disease

Malaria: They knew how to prevent them by living in high and dry climates.

What is the number one public health problem in Zambia? Malaria
How has this problem effected the poverty level in Zambia?
The average life span was 35 years. Since Malaria affects children very frequently, mothers are nursing them, instead of contributing to society.

How have other countries such as Malaysia and Singapore developed rich economies despite having many of the same geographic problems face by African nations?
Understanding the environment the burden germs can cause, allowed Malaysians and people in Singapore to eliminate diseases and focus in positive aspects of their environment.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Guns Germs and Steel

    • 1055 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Guns, Germs, and Steel Quineshia Tucker August 19, 2011 AP World History 30 Block Jared Diamond was born on September 10, 1937 in Boston, Massachusetts. He was raised by two highly intelligent people. Mrs. Diamond, his mother, was a linguist while his father, Mr. Diamond was a physician. He grew to love science due to his intellectual upbringing. He was born to a Bessarabian Jewish family. His father attended Harvard University of Medical. Though Jared attended…

    • 1055 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Guns Germs Steel

    • 1375 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Guns, Germs and Steel Jared Diamond, author of the Pulitzer Prize Winning, National Best Selling book Guns, Germs and Steel, summarizes his book by saying the following: "History followed different courses for different peoples because of differences among peoples ' environments, not because of biological differences among peoples themselves." Guns, Germs and Steel is historical literature that documents Jared Diamond 's views on how the world as we know it developed. However, is his thesis that…

    • 1375 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Guns, Germs, and Steel

    • 2855 Words
    • 12 Pages

    Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, by Jared Diamond, attempts to explain why history progressed differently for people from various geographical regions. Diamond introduces his book by pointing out that history followed different courses for different people because of differences among peoples’ environments, not because of biological differences among people themselves. Through his convincing explanation for how civilizations were created and evolved throughout the course of history…

    • 2855 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Guns germs and steel

    • 570 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Honors: Guns, Germs and Steel Name: Title of Text: Chapter 2: “A Natural Experiment of History” pp. 53-66 Prediction/Background Knowledge: Vocabulary Words: Focus Question(s): 1. Identify and evaluate the environmental, political, social and economic factors and outcomes of the clash between the Moriori and Maoiri peoples. Concrete Detail/CD (Text, page #) (Specific quotes that address FQ) Commentary (CM) (Explain how your CD answers the FQ. Provide context.)…

    • 570 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Guns, Germs, and Steel

    • 545 Words
    • 3 Pages

    GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL ESSAY Jared Diamond's novel, Guns, Germs, and Steel is a speculation about how and why the Europeans ended up being the main power in earlier times and conquered so much of the world. Diamond wonders how the Europeans could have so much power and advanced technology while the rest of the world was still hunting and gathering. Although Diamond is not the first to speculate on this complicated subject, his answer is revolutionary. People have attributed Europe's overwhelming…

    • 545 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Guns Germs and Steel

    • 1537 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Pizzaro came back to Charles I saying that Europe had the power to conquer the Americas. There were reasons Pizarro and the Europeans could conquer the Americas… They had better warfare than the Incas. Pizarro’s men had armor rode horseback and used steel compared to their wooden weapons. Eurasia happened to have an abundance of edible material because of the right environment leading to the domestication of plants and animals led the people to settle down in one place instead of being nomads. When…

    • 1537 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    GUNS. GERMS, AND STEEL

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Guns, Germs, and Steel; Diseases Disease influenced a lot of the world’s history, how these disease reached human, and how over a period of time we became mutated to these diseases. It affected a lot of wars, and settlements, such as when the new world was discovered. Most of the germs from these diseases came from domesticated animals, and people from the Old world. Diseases have even been the cause of wars. Around 1526 the Atahuallpa had won battles in a civil war that had left the…

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Guns Germs and Steel

    • 1798 Words
    • 8 Pages

    professor. This sparked Jared Diamond to answer this question by turning back the clocks of time to an era where everyone lived the same. This is the beginnings of Diamond’s ground breaking and heartwarming three- part documentary called “Guns, Germs, and Steel.” This documentary goes deep into history and answers the main question of, “How did our worlds become so different?” Jared Diamond takes on the challenge most philosophers wouldn’t dare try of dividing the haves and have-nots of…

    • 1798 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Guns Germs and Steel

    • 1181 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Atahualpa. In a vain attempt to save Atahualpa, his subjects assembled one of the largest ransoms in history, an estimated $30 million worth of gold and silver. 7. Pizzarro completely surprised and overwhelmed Atahualpa’s empire; Pizzarro had guns germs and steel where the Incas didn’t. Pizzarro also had horses that terrified the Incas having never seen it. Pizzarro also had a written language and the Incas did not. 8. Availability of more consumable calories means more people equals strength of…

    • 1181 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Gun, Germs and Steel

    • 964 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Diamond wrote this book because he wanted to explore and acquire knowledge about a question that have puzzled people for thousands of years living them to give different opinion about what might be the possible answer to the question. Guns, Germs, And Steel is a historical analysis about anthropology & archaeology that opens with a prologue in which the author presents a question from a New Guinean politician and friend named Yali: why were Europeans able to conquer so many other societies around…

    • 964 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays