GunViolence in Metropolitan Areas
In the United States National Vital Statistics report written by AM Minino in 2002, it was indicated that annually there are about 30, 000 people who die because of firearm injuries. And within the United States 28, 663 deaths have been caused by gunshots and these are mostly suicidal acts. Some of the facts in the report say that next to suicides are homicides with the use of guns and the third highest numbers of deaths due to gun violence are unintentional shootings, since this is America; most of these people have been living in the metropolis (Minino, 2002).
These deaths caused by firearms would not reach that level if not a lot people own guns, legal or not. And according to Philip Cook in his National Survey on Firearms Ownership and Use Summary Report (1996), there are approximately 200 million firearms in America, and about 30% of these firearms are handguns or those guns that are easy to carry and can be brought by the owner unnoticed by other people. These statistics only mean that each adult living in the metropolitan areas in the United States of America possess more than one gun (Cook, 1996).
In most of the populations around the world the number of the youth always has an important part; they usually occupy one of the most noticeable roles in a community, which is why it can be understandable that even in the crime statistics, a lot of youth appear to be involved in different types of crimes, most of them are killings. And because of the rampant illegal distribution and illegal transactions, a lot of these young citizens have the capability of possessing a firearm. Since 1979, a lot of young Americans have died because of gunfire, and this number is greater than the number of soldiers who died in the Vietnam War. And today, about 3, 500 young people have been killed by gun violence, and this means that each day an average of 9 people die. Gun violence also has its effects on children including those who are below 15 years of age. In the United States, the number of children who died due to gun violence within this age bracket is twelve times larger than the summed up number of the same case in other 25 industrialized countries (Lake, Snell, Perry, 2001).
The increase in the records of the citizens that own a gun or any other firearm according to Arthur Kellerman in his “Journal of Trauma” (1992), are contributed on by the concept that women can be protected by guns. All over the world particularly in the areas that appears to have more cases of violence like in the metropolitan areas, the sources of firearm products along with the whole gun industry markets to women semblance of self-defense or protection. Most of them have been successful in the promotion and marketing of these products because they take advantage of making the people believe that the myth that a gun can protect a woman in case that she will be assaulted by rapists, strangers or criminals. But the facts on the reports present that cases wherein women are killed by their partners are two times larger than the cases that women are killed by strangers by the use of guns or any other means (Kellerman, 1992).
Kellerman emphasized that guns are used for self defense in rare instances and these guns just usually contributes to the increasing level of risks of injury and death and it as well generate an incorrect sense of being secured. In Kellerman’s “Journal of Trauma” (1998), it is indicated that a gun that is kept back at home is four times more likely to be the cause of an unpremeditated shooting, it is as well seven times more probable to be an accessory to criminal acts, for example homicide. Kellerman also suggested that guns to be used as a means of self defense, is less likely to succeed, because according to reports guns are used more often in committing suicides than to be used in defending one’s self (Kellerman, 1998).
The Centers for Disease Controls reports have shown that...
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