Gum Disease

Topics: Periodontitis, Dental plaque, Oral hygiene Pages: 2 (662 words) Published: March 15, 2011
How periodontal disease affects overall health

I.Have you ever been told that you have periodontal (gum) disease, you're not alone. a.Many adults in the U.S. currently have some form of the disease. i.According to ADA eighty percent of adults in USA have some form of periodontal disease. b.Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. i.According to Webster’s Dictionary, periodontal disease is a term used to describe a variety of inflammatory and degenerative diseases that affects the supporting structures of the teeth. c.Today I will be speaking about the causes of periodontal disease, connection of periodontal disease with other health problems and some of the treatment. II.First I will talk about the periodontal disease and some causes. a.A multitude of bacteria is active in our mouths, all day and night long. These bacteria cause bad breath (halitosis) and gum disease. The bacterial plaque that continuously forms on the teeth is the main reason behind periodontal infections. As the bacteria infect the gum tissue, they release toxic substances that trigger the breakdown of gum and bone. Therefore dental biofilm which is also known as plaque plays a major role in the initiation and progression of periodontal disease. b.The second contributing factor is dental calculus, which is mineralized dental biofilm, which is a hard, tenacious mass that forms on the clinical crowns of the natural teeth and other dental prostheses. i.Calculus or tartar is significant in the progression of inflammatory periodontal disease. The rough surface of the calculus holds the disease-producing bacteria of the dental biofilm close the gingival tissue and perpetuates the inflamed state. c.Periodontal disease often occurs in members of the same family. Genetics, intimacy, hygiene, or a mixture of factors may be responsible. Studies have found that children of...
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