HOW TO WRITE THE
A. Background of the Study
B. Statement of the Problem
D. Significance of the Study
E. Scope and Limitations of the Study
F. Definition of Terms
G. Review of Related Literature and
A. Background of
Guidelines in writing the
background of the study
of the problem.
The start of the introduction is the presentation of the problem, that is, what the problem is all about. This will indicate what will be covered by the study.
existence of an unsatisfactory
condition, a felt problem that needs a
The causes must be found so that remedial measures may be
of the study.
The reason or reasons why it is necessary to conduct the study must be discussed.
background of the problem.
Prior studies must be mentioned.
desire to have a deeper and clearer
understanding of a situation,
circumstance, or phenomenon.
The researcher must explain his desire to have a deeper and clearer understanding of the situation so that he will be in a better position to initiate remedial measures.
desire to find a better way of doing
something or improving a product.
The researcher must also explain his desire to find a better way in improving something.
desire to discover something.
The researcher may discuss his desire to discover better ways in creating a better product or method.
conditions of the study locale.
This is necessary in anthropological and economic studies. If the subject of investigation is rice production, then the terrain, soil, climate, rainfall, etc. of the study locale have to be described.
link between the introduction and
the statement of the problem.
A sentence of two should show the link between the introduction and the conducting of the researcher.
B. Statement of
Statement of the Problem
is stated as a question/scientific inquiry
-the nature & scope of the problem should be presented
are the characteristics of a good problem?
It should be of great interest to you.
It should have practical value to you.
It should not be over researched.
It should be within your experience.
It can be finished within an allotted time.
It should not carry legal or moral impediments.
C. Significance of
Guidance in explaining the
importance of the study
rationale, timeliness, and/or
relevance of the study.
The rationale, timeliness, and/or relevance of the study to
existing conditions must be explained or discussed.
solutions to existing
problems or improvement to
The possible causes of the problems may be discovered so that remedial measures may be instituted to solve the problem or the unsatisfactory situation.
are to be benefitted and how they
are going to be benefited.
It must be shown who are the individuals, groups, or communities who may be placed in a more advantageous position on account of the study.
contribution to the fund of
It should be pointed out that the particular research/study can be a contribution of the study to the fund of knowledge.
It should be discussed here that the implications include the possible causes of the problems discovered, the possible effects of the problems, and the remedial measures to solve the
E. Scope and
Limitations of the
Guidelines in writing the scope
brief statement of the general purpose
of the study.
The subject matter and topics studied and
The locale of the study, where the data
were gathered or the entity to which the
The population or universe from which the
respondents were selected.
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