Period 1 English Honors
Guernica is a painting created by the famous painter Pablo Picasso. It is said by various art critics that it has an anti-war theme. Which it does.
When you first look at this different piece of artwork on war, all you can see is chaos, there is nothing positive within this painting on war. It’s a different piece of artwork on war, compared to the famous painting of Napoleon, or the original Uncle Sam posters throughout the U.S. Each detail within the painting has a negative view on war.
Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering upon Spains individuals, particularly on its innocent civilians. The discarding of color within this painting intensifies the somber, depressed tone in the painting. Also it expresses the pain and chaos in the painting. The horse in the middle of the painting could represent the people of Guernica instead of the actual people surrounding it. See how terrified it is, running away from something. Like innocent people running from destruction. The woman on the far left holding the dead baby represents loss. In war, lives are lost, from the soldiers fighting to stand up, to the civilians of that area.
The bull not only represents the Spanish culture, but also represents power, authority. Possibly the power of Spain fighting back, or standing up. The flaming buildings, crumbling walls not only express the pure destruction in Guernica, but the destructive power within war. The newspaper print within the painting, represents how people found out about the massacre, or even how people were begging for help. The light in the top of the painting could represent the sun lighting down on the chaos that is happening, showing the true nature of war itself. The broken sword shows defeat of innocent lives by their tormentors. The lady on the right, with the large leg, it represents how hard it was to escape from the chaos.
Therefore, the painting shows why people should be against