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Gsm Call Flow

By bonaruce Apr 17, 2013 1533 Words
GSM Call Flow (GSM Originating Call)
Cell
Mobile Station
User
Mobile

Mobile Network
Base Stations
NSS
BSS
MSC VLR

Fixed Network
PSTN
PSTN

EventStudio System Designer 4.0
13-Sep-08 21:38 (Page 1)

LEG: GSM Mobile Originated Call
This sequence diagram was generated with EventStudio System Designer 4.0 (http://www.EventHelix.com/EventStudio). Copyright © 2008 EventHelix.com Inc. All Rights Reserved. The EventStudio source files for this document can be downloaded from http://www.eventhelix.com/call-flow/gsm-call-setup.zip.

This scenario describes the call setup for a GSM originating call. A mobile user calling a land line subscriber is covered here. Copyright © 2000-2008 EventHelix.com Inc. All Rights Reserved. The user keys in the phone number for

the landline subscriber and ..
.. presses the Send button

Dial the called person's number

Send Button
Begin RR Connection Establishment

Call related information needs to be transported from the mobile phone to the Mobile Switching Center (MSC). This requires the establishment of a Radio Resource (RR) connection to MSC. The first phase of the call setup just sets up this RR connection. RR CHANNEL REQUEST

RACH

RR connection establishment is
triggered by sending the Channel
Request message. This message
requests the Base Station System (BSS)
for allocation for radio resources for the
RR connection setup. The mobile now
waits for an assignment on the Access
Grant Channel (AGCH). At this point the
mobile is listening to the AGCH for a
reply.

Note: The RR CHANNEL REQUEST is sent on a Random Access Channel (RACH). This is a slotted aloha channel that can be used at random, without any coordination between the mobiles. Any mobile can transmit on this channel whenever it wishes. If two mobiles transmit on the channel at the same time, their messages will be lost in a collision. The mobiles will detect the collision via a timeout and retransmit the message after a random back off.

allocate
TCH

RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH, Radio_Resource = (TCH, Frequency,
Timeslot), Time Correction, Frequency Correction

Apply the time and frequency corrections

Tune to the frequency and timeslot

RR SABM + MM CM SERVICE REQUEST
TCH, SAPI = 0

The BSS allocates a Traffic Channel
(TCH) to the mobile. The TCH allocation
assigns a specifies a frequency and a
timeslot on that frequency. After the
mobile receives this message, the
mobile shall only use the specified
resources for communication with the
mobile network.
The BSS transmits the radio resource
assignment to the Mobile via the AGCH
channel. The message also contains the
time and frequency corrections. The time
corrections allow the mobile to time it's
transmissions so that they reach the
BSS only in the specified slot. The
frequency corrections correct for the
Doppler shift caused by the mobile's
motion.
Adjust the frequency and timing based
on the advice from the BSS. This step is
required so that transmissions from the
mobile reach the base station at the
precise time and with the correct
frequency.
The mobile detunes from the AGCH and
tunes to the specified radio channel.
This is the first message that is sent
after tuning to the channel. The Mobile
initiates a LAPm connection with the
BSC by sending a Set Asynchronous
Balanced Mode (SABM) message. The
service request message meant for the
MSC is also sent in this message.

GSM Call Flow (GSM Originating Call)
Cell
Mobile Network
Mobile Station
Base Stations
NSS
User
Mobile
BSS
MSC VLR
RR UA

Fixed Network
PSTN
PSTN

TCH, SAPI = 0

SCCP CONNECTION REQUEST + MM CM SERVICE REQUEST
SS7

Check subscriber authentication

EventStudio System Designer 4.0
13-Sep-08 21:38 (Page 2)

The BSS replies with Unnumbered
Acknowledge (UA) to complete the
LAPm setup handshake
The BSS receives the CM Service
Request message from the mobile and
forms a "BSSMAP COMPLETE LAYER 3
INFORMATION". The BSS then piggy
backs the message on the SCCP
connection request message.
LEG: Skip Authentication Procedure
MSC checks if the subscriber has been
authenticated. In this case, the
subscriber has already been
authenticated, so the authentication
procedure is skipped.

Enable Ciphering
BSSMAP CIPHER MODE COMMAND

Expect ciphered data from the mobile

RR CIPHERING MODE COMMAND
mode = CLEAR

Enable ciphering for received and transmitted
data

RR CIPHERING MODE COMPLETE
mode = CIPHERED

Enable ciphering of data transmitted to the
mobile

BSSMAP CIPHER MODE COMPLETE

Since the subscriber has been
successfully authenticated, the MSC
initiates ciphering of the data being sent
on the channel. The channel is ciphered
so as so protect the call from
eavesdropping.
Ciphering on the radio link is enabled in
three steps. As a first step, the BSS
starts expecting ciphered data from the
mobile but continues to send data in
clear. Since the mobile has not been
informed about the ciphering, all data
received from the mobile will be in error.
The BSS sends the CIPHERING MODE
COMMAND to the mobile. The mobile
will be able to receive this message as
the transmission from the BSS is still in
clear.
As a second step, the Mobile receives
the message and enables ciphering in
transmit and receive directions. This
action will result in all BSS data being
received in error. (The BSS is still
transmitting data in clear.)
Ciphering has already been enabled, so
this message is transmitted with
ciphering. The BSS will receive this
message as it is already expecting
ciphered data in the receive direction.
The third and final step in the ciphering
handshake. The BSS enables the
ciphering in transmit direction. From this
point on ciphering is enabled in both
directions.
BSS replies back to the MSC, indicating
that ciphering has been successfully
enabled.

RR Connection Establishment Completed
At this point a connection has been setup between the Mobile and the MSC. From this point onward, the BSS is just acting as a conduit for transporting the signaling messages between the Mobile and the MSC. Call Setup

CC SETUP
Dialed Digits

The Mobile sends the setup message to
establish a voice call. The message
contains the dialed digits and other
information needed for call

GSM Call Flow (GSM Originating Call)
Cell
Mobile Station
User
Mobile

Mobile Network
Base Stations
NSS
BSS
MSC VLR

Fixed Network
PSTN
PSTN

EventStudio System Designer 4.0
13-Sep-08 21:38 (Page 3)

establishment.
The mobile is informed that the call
setup is in progress.
At this point, the mobile phone displays
a message on the screen to indicate that
call setup is being attempted.

CC CALL PROCEEDING
Connecting...

Mode Modify
allocate
Voice circuit towards BSS

BSSMAP ASSIGNMENT REQUEST
Voice circuit

RR CHANNEL MODE MODIFY
RR CHANNEL MODE MODIFY ACKNOWLEDGE
BSSMAP ASSIGNMENT COMPLETE

The BSS responds back to the MSC.

ISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGE
SS7, Dialed Digits

CC ALERTING

The MSC allocates a voice circuit on one
the digital trunks between the MSC and
the BSS.
MSC informs the BSS about the
allocated voice circuit. The call is also
switched from signaling to voice.
The BSS notifies the Mobile about the
changeover to voice mode.
Mobile acknowledges.

The MSC routes the call and sends the
call towards the called subscriber

ISUP ADDRESS COMPLETE MESSAGE The PSTN indicates to the MSC that it has received all the digits and the called
SS7
subscriber is being rung.
The MSC informs the mobile that the
called subscriber is being alerted via a
ring

Alerting Tone
ISUP ANSWER

The called subscriber answers the call.

SS7

CC CONNECT

The MSC informs the mobile that the call
has been answered.
Acknowledge the recipt of CC CONNECT.

CC CONNECT ACKNOWLEDGE
Connected

Display that the call has been connected.

Conversation
Speech

The call has entered the conversation
phase. The speech path has been setup
between the mobile subscriber and the
land-line subscriber.

Call Release
End Button
CC DISCONNECT
ISUP RELEASE
SS7
Disconnect Voice Path

LEG: Mobile initiates call release
The mobile subscriber hits End to clear
the call.
The mobile sends the disconnect
message to the MSC.
The MSC initiates release on the PSTN
side.
The MSC disconnects the voice path and
also releases the voice circuit between
the BSS and the MSC.

free
Voice circuit towards BSS

CC RELEASE

The MSC informs the Mobile that it has
initiated call release

GSM Call Flow (GSM Originating Call)
Cell
Mobile Station
User
Mobile

Mobile Network
Fixed Network
Base Stations
NSS
PSTN
BSS
MSC VLR
PSTN
ISUP RELEASED
SS7

ISUP RELEASE COMPLETE
SS7

CC RELEASE COMPLETE

EventStudio System Designer 4.0
13-Sep-08 21:38 (Page 4)

The MSC informs the PSTN that the call
release has been completed.
The PSTN informs that call release has
been completed at its end.
Mobile indicates that the call has been
released.

RR Connection Release
BSSMAP CLEAR COMMAND
RR CHANNEL RELEASE
BSSMAP CLEAR COMPLETE
RR DISC
RR UA
free
TCH

Call Released Indication

Call release has been completed, now
the RR connection is released by the
MSC.
The BSS initiates RR release with the
mobile.
The BSS informs the the MSC that the
RR connection has been released.
The mobile sends a disconnect message
to release the LAPm connection.
The BSS replies with an Unnumbered
Acknowledge message.
The BSS releases the TCH channel.
Mobile goes back to the default display
to indicate that call has been completely
released.

Cite This Document

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