Growth of International Trade and Its Financing in Bangladesh

Topics: International trade, Export, Trade finance Pages: 146 (41172 words) Published: November 15, 2008
Letter of Transmittal

January 2008

The Director
Center for Post Graduate Studies (CPGS)
Bangladesh Institution of Bank Management,
Mirpur-2, Dhaka.

Subject: Submission of the dissertation paper on “Growth of International Trade & its financing in Bangladesh”.

Dear Sir,

With due respect I would like to draw your kind attention to the fact that preparing a dissertation paper & submitting it to the MBM office is an academic requirement for the partial fulfillment of the 6th Term MBM Program.

I have tried hard in preparing this dissertation and tried to make the report vivid and comprehensive within the constraints. I sincerely believe that it will serve the required purposes. I shall always be obliged to furnish any clarification regarding this dissertation, if required.

Sincerely Yours,

(Mukti Chakraborty)
MBM 10th Batch
Roll No.: 100616

At the beginning, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the God most merciful and beneficiary for empowering me conduct the report within scheduled time.

I would like to express my profound gratitude and wholehearted respect to my research Guide Dr. Toufic Ahmad Choudhury, Professor and Director, Center for Post Graduate Studies (CPGS), BIBM, Dhaka for his inspiring guidelines, valuable suggestions, constructive criticism and constant help throughout the research work and in preparation this report.

I am deeply indebted to Dr. Bandana Saha, Professor and Director (Research, Development and Consultancy) and Dr. A.S.M. Ahsan Habib, Associate Professor of BIBM, Dhaka to allow me to work on my desired dissertation topic and their consistent valuable suggestion, active inspiration and constant help to construct and illustrate this work.

Indeed I am grateful to all faculty members of BIBM from whom I was inspired and supported in various ways during the research and at the time of study.

I am also indebted to the entire library officers and staffs of BIBM and EPB who helped me to search information and assist me when I call for.

I would like to take this opportunity to express my wholehearted gratitude to my fellow friends, near and dear ones who offered encouragement, information, inspiration and assistance during the course of constructing this dissertation paper.

Finally I would like to express my profound gratitude and wholehearted respect to Mr. Atiar Rahman Mollah, Faculty Member, BIBM, for his continuous encouragement, scholarly guidance and constructive criticism throughout my research work.


(Mukti Chakraborty)
MBM 10th Batch,
Roll No.: 100616

Chapter no:TitlePage No.
Letter of TransmittalI
Table of ContentsIII-IV
Executive SummaryV

Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION 1-8

1.1Background of the Study 1
1.2Research Objectives 5
1.3Scope of the Study5
1.5Limitations of the Study8
1.6Organization of the Study8


2.1Export Finance9
2.2Export Credit Guarantee scheme15
2.3Export Development Fund 16
2.4Import Finance17
2.5Problems in Trade Finance19


3.1Export Policy22
3.2Import Policy36
3.3Review of Exchange rate Policy41


4.1Export Procedure43
4.2Import Procedure49


5.1Export-Import Trend and it’s Contribution to GDP61
5.2Structure of Export-Import Finance of Bangladesh65
5.3Export Financing and Export Performance67
5.4Import Financing and Import Expenditure68
5.5The Changing Degree of International Openness 68






Executive Summary...

Bibliography: Ahmed, Abu (1993). “Financial sector Reform: The interest rates aspects”, Bank Parikrama, Vol.XVIII, No. 3 & 4, Sep. & Dec. P.38.
Ashraf, Ali Sayed (1995). “Foreign exchange and financing of foreign trade” Dhaka: Lita Academics.
Atri,V.N.(1991). “Export-led Growth in Developing Countries1960-80”,The Indian Economic Journal,Vol.43,No.3,pp.19-34.
Begum, Shamshed and A. F. M. Shamsuddin (1998). “Export and Economic Growth in Bangladesh”, The Journal of Development Studies, Vol.35, No.1, pp.89-114
Choudhury, A.H.M., Nurul Islam and T.A
Chowdhury, L.R. (2000). “A Textbook on Foreign exchange” Dhaka: Fair Corporation.
Government of Bangladesh, Export Policy, 1989-90, 1997-2002, 2003-2006, Ministry of Commerce.
, Import Policy order, 1989-90, 1997-2002, 2003-2006, Ministry of Commerce.
Hossain, Akhtar (2000). Exchange Rates, capital Flows and International Trade, Dhaka: University Press Limited, Bangladesh.
International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, Various Issues.
Love, James(1995)
Khan, Syed Ahmed (2001). “An Overview of External Sector of Bangladesh: From Inwardness to Openness”, Bank Parikrama, Vol.XXVI, No. 3 & 4, Sep. & Dec. P.56.
Nath, Chandra Narayan (1995). “The export performance Bangladesh” in Bangladesh strategies for development, Dhaka: UP.
Rahman, M. Azizur (1993). Export and Economic Development of Bangladesh, Youth Economists Association, pp. 220-221
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