The recent world concern over the impact of global warming forcing in the environmental degradation has been increased along with the excitement over the advancement of science and technologies. In between the mixed issues, the world especially the experts have seen a few hope to reduce the negative impact through the ICT sustainability or also much known as green computing or green IT. So, what is that ‘green computing’ things are about? The Wikipedia definition on green computing is quite simple but still understandable. It refers to a sustainable computing or IT environment (Wikipedia). From the word ‘sustainable’ only, most people will understand it as to have an ecological and ‘environment-friendly’ in a computing environment. The article on Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices defines green computing as “the learning and training of designing, developed, using and disposing of servers, computers and associated subsystem such as printers, storage devices, monitors, with networking and communication systems, effectively and efficiently with slightly or no effect on the environment” (Murugesan, 2008). In keeping with this idea, the goals of green computing are just simple. We want to reduce the use of harmful materials, maximize energy efficiency and promote recyclability. In doing so, many IT professional and corporate IT departments are having green computing initiatives to reduce the environmental impacts of computing operations. Up to now, several research have been done into the key parts such as to make use of computers as energy efficient as probable, with designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies (Agarwal, 2011).
When discussing about green computing, there are five initiative steps towards the goals according to HP and the Environment. The very first one is to develop a sustainable green computing plan. In this stage, the plan on green computing should be discussed with the business leader around the plan including organizational policies and checklists. The plan should include the policies in recycling, recommendation for disposal of used equipment, government guidelines and recommendations for purchasing green computing equipment. The best practice policies should cover power usage, reduction of paper consumption, as well as recommendations for new equipment and recycling old machines (Care, 2006). The second step is by practicing recycle items. Any unwanted or old electronic tools should be discarded in an appropriate and environment responsible manner. It is concerned with the facts that pollutants and toxin metals in a computer are able to emit harmful emissions to the environments. It is also important that the computers to be recycles in any programs recycling services or facilities instead of being dispose of in a landfill.
Proceed to the next step is to make environmentally sound purchase decisions. This is able to be accomplished using Purchase Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) which is a significant procurement tool. One of the benefits that it can help towards green computing achievement is by assisting company to compare, evaluate and select computers equipment based on environmental attributes. Meanwhile, the fourth step is to reduce paper consumption for every day such as sending letter though e-mail or electronic archiving, by only printing selected required pages. And the last step is to practice in conserving power energy used in every day. This can be done simply by turning off the computer or even the other devices such as switch or routers if it is not needed or used. In keeping with the idea, the power management features should be on during shorter periods of inactivity which help to save energy and protect the environment.
Designing green computing devices aims to decrease the ecological effect of computer systems by adopting new technology with new techniques and components while controlling environmental...
References: (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2012, from Wikipedia: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_computing
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