Greek and Roman Architecture

Topics: Ionic order, Corinthian order, Doric order, Vitruvius, Ancient Rome, Column / Pages: 2 (258 words) / Published: Jun 27th, 2012
Greek and Roman architecture has produced some of the most iconic images in history. While the Romans borrowed and adapted the Greek style, both groups showed how to use their structural creations to define their own ideals. The Greeks developed three styles: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. The main styles of Greek architecture are ionic and Doric. The Doric style subjugated in most of Greece and in Italy. The Doric styles are the more formal of the two, with the ionic style being more decorative and relaxed (Sayre,2010) a brilliant example of Greek architecture in the Doric style is Parthenon. Roman the architecture, which is something to be more complex in its designs and engineering, uses three types of columns. Their most common type is made in Doric style. It is plain and was used when very heavy structures required support (Sayre, 2010). The ionic style was employed more as decorative ends were being met. The third type is the Corinthian style. It has high quality of details and is considered superior to the other two types. Roman architecture also employed the use of arches. The use of arches led to the development of the dome. An example of roman architecture is the Coliseum in Rome. The Romans adapted the Greek Corinthian style to suit their own cultural ideals. The Romans used their architectural developments to display their power and develop ways to bring their people together. Homes, businesses and even churches contain various aspects of Greek and Roman architecture.

Sayre, H. M. (2010)
M,Faller (2006)

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