Greece and Rome
Greece and Rome were alike and different when it came to government. The government in Greece was very diverse because every city was its own state. There was monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. Democracy was developed in Athens, and at some point it started spreading to many other cities. Including non-Greek cities like Rome. One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Greece and Rome had an assembly, where members were elected by the people. Rome was ruled by two consuls, who ruled for a year or were forced out of office. Greece was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Athenian democracy was made up of three important institutions. The first was the ekklesia, the boule, and the dikasteria. The ekklesia made decisions about war and foreign policy, wrote and revised laws and approved or condemned the conduct of public officials. The boule was a group of 500 men, 50 from each of ten Athenian tribes, who served on the Council for one year. The boule met every day and basically dictated how the entire democracy would work. The dikasteria, was more than 500 jurors that were chosen by lot from a pool of male citizens older than 30. Ancient Rome was first governed by kings but it developed its own form of government that allowed the Romans to govern themselves. Citizens of Rome would gather at an assembly to elect their own officials. The chief officials of Rome were called consuls and there were two of them. The consuls governed for a year. If they did not live up to expectations, they could be voted out of office at the next election.
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