Indian History - The History of India information.
Indian History - Important events.
ca. 2500-1600 B.C.
Indus Valley culture.
ca. 1500-500 B.C.
Migrations of Aryan-speaking tribes; the Vedic Age.
ca. 1000 B.C.
Settlement of Bengal by Dravidian-speaking peoples.
ca. 563-ca. 483 B.C.
Life of Siddartha Gautama--the Buddha; founding of Buddhism. ca. 326-184 B.C.
Mauryan Empire; reign of Ashoka (269-232 B.C.); spread of Buddhism. ca. 180 B.C.-A.D. 150
Shaka dynasties in Indus Valley.
ca. A.D. 320-550
Gupta Empire; classical age in North India.
North Indian empire of Harsha.
Arab invaders conquer Sindh, establish Islamic presence in India. 750-1150
GROWTH OF ISLAM
Mahmud of Ghazni raids Indian subcontinent from Afghanistan. 1202
Turkish conquerors defeat Sena Dynasty and overrun Bengal.
Timur sacks Delhi.
Sayyid Dynasty; renewal of Delhi Sultanate.
THE MUGHAL PERIOD
Babur lays foundation of Mughal Empire; wins First Battle of Panipat. 1556-1605
Akbar expands and reforms the empire; Mughals win Second Battle of Panipat. 1605-27
Reign of Jahangir; in 1612 East India Company opens first trading post (factory). 1628-58
Reign of Shah Jahan.
Reign of Aurangzeb, last great Mughal ruler.
Lesser emperors; decline of the Mughal Empire.
Battle of Plassey--British victory over Mughal forces in Bengal; British rule in India begins. 1835
Institution of British education and other reform measures.
Revolt of Indian sepoys (soldiers) against East India Company. 1858
East India Company dissolved; rule of India under the British crown--the British Raj--begins with Government of India Act; formal end of Mughal Empire. 1885
Indian National Congress (Congress) formed.
Partition of Bengal into separate provinces of Eastern Bengal and Assam, West Bengal. 1906
All-India Muslim League (Muslim League) founded.
Morley-Minto Reforms; separate electorates for Muslims.
Partition of Bengal annulled; new province of Bihar and Orissa formed; plans to move capital from Calcutta to Delhi announced. 1916
Congress-League Scheme of Reforms (often referred to as Lucknow Pact) signed. 1919
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms; Government of India Act.
Government of India Act of 1935.
Muslim League adopts Lahore Resolution; "Two Nations" theory articulated by Muslim League leader Mohammad Ali Jinnah and others. August 16, 1946
"Direct Action Day" of Muslim League.
August 15, 1947
Partition of British India; India achieves independence and incorporates West Bengal and Assam; Jawaharlal Nehru becomes prime minister of India. Pakistan is created and incorporates East Bengal (the East Wing, or East Pakistan) and territory in the northwest (the West Wing, or West Pakistan); Jinnah becomes governor general of Pakistan. August 15, 1947-May 27, 1964
Jawaharlal Nehru serves as prime minister and leader of Congress-controlled government. October 22, 1947-January 1, 1949
Undeclared war with Pakistan; ends with United Nations-arranged ceasefire. January 30, 1948
Mahatma Gandhi assassinated in New Delhi.
October 20-November 21, 1962
Border war with China.
June 9, 1964-January 11, 1966
Lal Bhadur Shastri serves as prime minister of Congress-led government. August 5-September 23, 1965
Second war with Pakistan.
January 24, 1966-March 24, 1977
Indira Gandhi serves as prime minister for first time, head of government initially led by Congress, later Congress (R). December 3-16, 1971
Third war with Pakistan; Bangladesh becomes independent following Indian invasion of East Pakistan. June 25, 1975-January 18, 1977
State of Emergency proclaimed by Indira Gandhi.
March 24, 1977-July 28, 1979
Morarji Desai serves as prime minister as head of a multiparty...
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