We are also introduced to a fearsome criminal, a convict, who is vile and brutal, he went by the name of Magwitch. Magwitch was brought into the story with his terrorizing and exploiting approach, to Pip in the cemetery. Pip described him as being “a fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron leg. A man with no hat, and with broken shoes, and with an old rag tied round his head”. Magwitch the character conveyed his violent approach through the techniques of violent vocabulary, and his animal imagery. He spoke of cannibalism threats, “what fat cheeks you got you young dog, darn me if I could eat em”. This created Pip to fear for his life. “You fail or you go from my words in any particular, no matter how small it is and your heart and your liver shall be tore out, roasted and ate”.
The use of Gothicism in the novel sets the scene of suspense, horror, fear, and superstition throughout the characters. Gothicism is mostly portrayed through Magwitch in the setting scene of the graveyard and his evil approach towards Pip, discussed earlier and through the use of detailed tombstones, and through the use of death being explored throughout the novel. “As I never saw my father or my mother, and never saw any likeness of either of them, my first fancies regarding what they were like, were unreasonably derived from their tombstones. The shape of the letters on my father's, gave me an odd idea that he was a square, stout, dark man, with curly black hair”.
Social class is conveyed through Great Expectations, Aristotle asserted that the form of fiction demanded of every work that the protagonist begin with a place in the social world, some action in the plot lead to a disruption of this order, the protagonist losing his rightful position. In Great expectations, Pip exists as a character of many detached world’s. It is possible to find five complete and discrete society’s in the England of Dicken’s novel of Great Expectations, these five summarize the whole of the transitional period known to postmodern critics as Victorian. The two representatives of the old world’s feudal order, are those of village labour Joe and Biddy and aristocracy Ms Havisham and Estella, of the new world one sees the urban poor, Jaggers clientele and Pips, Avenger, the working class Jaggers and Wemmick, and the entrepreneurs/ capitalists which are Compeyson and Pumblechook. Pip in his time samples all five circles, belonging variously to each over the course of the novel, making it very difficult to assess his ‘reintegration into society’, at the end it is certainly impossible that he should become integrated into them all, so he must choose his one path; Dickens leaves to his readers evaluation of Pip’s success.
Place is expressed in Great Expectations through Miss Havisham as she stands a representative of feudal aristocracy, through her family money in fact was made on the brewery adjacent to Satis House, which suggests capitalism. Pips language describing Satis House in many ways denote its ‘castleness’. It creates a magnificent gothic setting whose various elements symbolize Pips romantic perception of the upper class along with many themes. The crumbling, dilapidated stones of the house, and the darkness and dust that pervade it, symbolize the general decadence of the lives of its inhabitants and of the upper class. “Miss Havisham’s house, which was of old brick and dismal and had a great many iron bars to it. Some of the windows had been walled up; of those that remained all the lower were rustily barred”
Family and relationships are conveyed through Great Expectations the novel, it is a myriad of familial situations that not only provide background for the reader but also help develop that plot and circumstances that affect our young hero , Pip. Dickens uses the thread of family to weave his story into an effective entertainment. Pip begins life as an orphan, predeceased by his father, mother and five infant brothers, alone and isolated with only a grudging older sister and her more gentle husband “to care for him. “ home had never been a pleasant place for me, because of my sisters temper”. Though Pip is well fed and physically maintained, he is emotionally starved through Mrs Joes domestic tyranny. He is a reject. His sister makes it quite clear that she doesn’t like him. Great Expectations is a representation of humanity’s susceptibility to become hostage to ones own sensibilities, experiencing the vulnerability, alienation, and insecurity consequent to the absence of a collective identity, denoting the psychological complexities of an individuals sense of rightful positioning. To belong is not simply to be accepted but rather to acknowledge the imposition of reality’s restrictions in determining ones social familial, and personal levels of acceptance. “was always treated as if i had insisted on being born” (20) “ all the times she had wished me in my grave”.
Dickens explores love and loyalty through relationships and intimacy in Great Expectations. He makes it obvious that they underlie happiness and misery. Pips unrequited love for Estella which is the main focus of the novel, it only brings him misery. Also Miss Havisham’s life is ruined when the man she loves leaves her on her wedding day. “ill tell you what real love is. It is blind devotion, unquestioning self humiliation, utter submission, trust and belief against yourself and against the whole world, giving up your whole heart and soul to the smiter---as i did”. (Chapter 29). This quote treaties on love, given by Miss Havisham, it could just as well as been stated by Pip. Miss Havisham raised Estella to be the smiter, and she succeeded, Estella lets Pip into her world but not her heart. “this is Pip, it? Returned the young lady , who was very pretty and seemed very proud; come in Pip”. She then leads Pip into a love-sick, self-destructive obsession and yearning for love. “against reason, against promise, against hope, against happiness, against all discouragement that could be” (219). From every encounter with Estella Pip emerges miserably “i fancied, as i looked at her, that i slipped hopelessly back into the coarse and common boy again” (222).
The meaning of belonging is stated to be 1. Acceptance as a natural member or part: "I felt a sense of belonging"; happiness felt in a secure relationship; "with his classmates he felt a sense of belonging".
I have learnt that belonging is represented in and through texts. A sense of belonging can emerge from the connections made with people, places, groups, communities and the larger world. Within this Area of Study, students i have discovered aspects of belonging in terms of experiences and notions of identity, relationships, acceptance and understanding. I have also recognized how many texts explore many aspects of belonging, including the potential of the individual to enrich or challenge a community or group. They may reflect the way attitudes to belonging are modified over time. Texts may also represent choices not to belong, or barriers which prevent belonging. Perceptions and ideas of belonging in texts can be constructed through a variety of language modes, forms, features and structures. In engaging with the text, a responder may experience and understand the possibilities presented by a sense of belonging to, or exclusion from the text and the world it represents. This engagement may be influenced by the different ways perspectives are given voice in or are absent from a text.
Mind map: (Belonging) Comparison and contrast table | Great Expectations | Huckleberry Finn | Similarities | Both Pip and Huck are young, and child like. This is conveyed through the use of truncated non-grammatical sentences, and the use of malapropism. This is through childish fun, adventure and immaturity. Pip and Huck must depend upon the kindness of families that are not their own. By itself | Both characters, Pip and Huck slip in and out of their identity by wearing deliberate disguises that must be appreciated within the context of the patterns of deception that these works share. At the beginning of both stories, whenever Pip and Huck act in conflict with the rules of society and family that have been imposed upon them, their primary feelings are of exaggerated guilt. | Differences | Both protagonist struggle to find morality of the heart, even though it may be at variance with societies expectations and dictates. | | | Great Expectations | The stolen children and their stories | Similarities | Introduction: agrees with topic statement.Text is persuasive: fate is cruel to the central characterLife brings unexpected joy and tragedy. | Introduction: agrees partially with topic statement.Text is persuasive: it has created awareness.The stolen children know that their voices have been heard/ healing. | Differences | Text is entertaining because it is a narrative, and because it the story is about the narrator and his life, who he becomes. | Text is disturbing, not entertaining because it is about the individual stories of the children’s experiences and they are real events, that have occurred. |