Gre Issue

Topics: Sociology, Social Issues, Social sciences Pages: 102 (26228 words) Published: January 17, 2012
1. 題庫所有244道Issue題目的寫作提綱

第一類 社會

2. "Competition is ultimately more beneficial than detrimental to society." 歸根結底,競爭對於社會是利多弊少。
Generally speaking, competition contributes to progress in society. 1. Generally speaking, competition contributes to progress in society. 2. In democratic countries, when parties and candidates compete for power, the public benefits. 3. Admittedly, when competition gets out of the control of mores and laws, society will suffer. 競爭對於社會的優點和缺點

3. "It is more important to allocate money for immediate, existing social problems than to spend it on long-term research that might help future generations." 與其花錢進行可能有助於後代的長期性研究,還不如把錢花在迫在眉睫,已經存在的社會問題上。  

Humanity should take into account both long-term interests and short-term interests when making budgets. 1. Naturally, each generation is most concerned about solving problems that immediately confront them. 2. However, what differentiates human beings from other animals is that humans have a sense of future and are morally responsible for the well-being of their descendents. 3. Therefore, as beneficiaries of previous generations, each generation should make its own contribution for the well-being of future generations.

9. "Academic disciplines have become so specialized in recent years that scholars' ideas reach only a narrow audience. Until scholars can reach a wider audience, their ideas will have little use."  

The speaker oversimplifies the issue of academic influence on society. 1. It is true that academic disciplines have become so specialized nowadays that some scholar’s seemingly idiosyncratic ideas only reach a narrow audience. 2. It is also true that social scientists’ failing to reach the large public makes it impossible for their ideas to contribute to society. 3. Nevertheless, scholars in certain realms are doomed to live in an isolated and purely academic world, which does not necessarily mean that their ideas will have little use.

過分專業化問題 overspecialization
15. "The stability of a society depends on how it responds to the extremes of human behavior."  
It is true that how a society copes with the extremes of human behavior largely determines the society’s stability. 1. The extremes of human behavior--such as violence or strikes--usually dictate grave social troubles. 2. One solution to these social problems is suppressing, which proves effective in the short run and counterproductive in the long run. 3. The most effective way of responding to such problems is constructive communication and sometimes compromise. 抽象型題目

16. "Although many people think that the luxuries and conveniences of contemporary life are entirely harmless, in fact, they actually prevent people from developing into truly strong and independent individuals."  

儘管許多人認為現代生活的奢華和便利是絲毫沒有壞處的,但是這實際上讓人們無法成為真正強大和獨立的個體。 Agree
1. Consider first the effect of the automobile on our independence as individuals. In some respects the automobile serves to enhance such independence. 2. However, we have become slaves to the automobile.

3. Consider next the overall impact of the automobile on our strength as individuals, by which I mean strength of character, or mettle. 4. In contrast, there is certain strength of character that comes with eschewing modern conveniences such as cars, and with the knowledge that one is contributing to a cleaner and quieter environment, a safer neighborhood, and arguably a more genteel society.  社會和個人之發展問題

17. "There are two types of laws: just and unjust. Every individual in a society has a responsibility to obey just laws and, even more importantly, to disobey and resist unjust laws."  ...
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