grammer cheat sheet

Topics: Dependent clause, Sentence, Syntactic entities Pages: 1 (286 words) Published: December 3, 2014
A subordinating conjunction is a joining word that connects two clauses. (A clause is a word group containing a subject and a verb.) How are subordinating conjunctions different from other conjunctions? Other conjunctions join words, phrases or clauses of equal value. (Because, who, when, after, although, as, as if, as long as, before, even if/ though, if, if only, In order that, now that, once, provided, rather than, since, so that, than, though, that, till, unless, until, when, whenever, where, whereas, wherever, whether, while)

A coordinating conjunction joins together words or word groups of equal grammatical rank. Sentence would (And, but, nor, or, for, so, yet, as, and)

Compound Sentence is a sentence with more than one subject or predicate. Sentence would have a coordinating conjunction!!! (Two sentences combines together with and, or but)

A Complex sentence contains one main cause and 1 or more subordinate causes. Sentence would have a Subordinating conjunction!!! (Rain finally came, although many had left the area by then.)

Relative Pronoun (who, whoever, which, that) relate groups of words to nouns or other pronouns: The book that one is a novel.

Pronoun is a word that can function by itself as a noun, and can refer to the participants in the discourse (or to someone or something mentioned in the discourse): Susan enlisted in the air force when she graduated.

A Simple sentence is a sentence consisting of only one main clause, and no subordinate clause. (Last summer was unusually hot.)

Subordinate clause is a clause introduced by a conjunction, which forms part of and is dependent on a main clause.

Participle are words ending in –ing (past participles end in –d or –ed): sleeping, eating/ determined, needed

Dependent cause

Independent cause
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