Semester 1 Session 2012/2013
Associate Professor Doctor Abdul Halim Ibrahim
Ways Of Building Vocabulary
Name: Tan Seng Cheng
Matric Number: D20121058134
Vocabulary is the knowledge of words and morphemes. There are two kinds of words, form class words and structure class words. Form class words are words that independently have meaning even if it stands alone or have lexical meaning. For example, words like cat, dog and house. This class can be further subdivided into four groups namely nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. Structure class words are words that provide essential information about form class words. These words are lack lexical meaning as their main function is in the grammatical operations they perform. This class can be further subdivided into 8 classes namely determiners, auxiliaries, qualifiers, prepositions, conjunctions, pronouns, relatives and interrogatives. Table 1 below shows the subclasses of each class.
Form Classes(Content Words) | Structure Classes( Function Words) | NounsVerbsAdjectiveAdverb | DeterminersAuxiliariesQualifiersPrepositionsConjunctionsPronounsRelativeInterrogatives |
The noun is traditionally described as “the name of a person, thing, or place”. However, even in nouns there are several subclasses, namely proper nouns, count nouns and uncountable nouns, collective nouns, concrete nouns and abstract nouns.
1. Common nouns, just like the name says are general nouns. For example, * cat * dog * house
2. Proper nouns are the names of specific items, persons and places. They’re first letters are capitalized in writing to differentiate them from the more common nouns.
Common nouns | Proper nouns | car | Proton Saga | monument | Statue of Liberty | author | David Eddings |
As one can see from the table above, proper nouns are used to refer to the name of specific things.
However, even common nouns