top-rated free essay

Grammar

By apollinary Jan 20, 2013 350 Words
The object of grammar. Two types of grammar: normative, theoretical. Two parts of grammar: morphology, syntax. Grammar is a branch of Linguistics which studies the grammatical structure of language. The grammatical structure covers the rules of changing words and rules of arranging the forms of words into phrases and sentences. Grammar may study the gr. Structure of a language in different aspects. So? We distinguish: - historical grammar which describes the str. of words, phrases, sentences in the process of their historical development; - comparative gr. which deals with comparison of gr. systems of different languages; - descriptive gr. analyses the gr. system of a language as it exists at a certain period of time. Grammar is divided into 2 types: Normative and Theoretical.

Normative (Practical) Grammar gives rules how to build correct forms of words and syntactical constructions. It teaches to write and speak correctly. Theoretical (Scientific) Grammar describes the language as a system, studies the components of that system and relations between them. Theoretical gr. explains and analyses the most difficult phenomena of a language. It gives different concepts of these phenomena and helps linguists to be guided in linguistic literature in order to form a certain opinion of this or that theoretical form. Grammar is divided also into 2 parts: Morphology and Syntax. Morphology is a part of Grammar which studies the most characteristic features of classes of words. These classes are called parts of speech. Morphology studies not a single word, but the whole classes. Syntax is a part of Grammar which studies phrases and sentences, their structure, classification and combinations. Syntax is a system of 2 levels-that of phrases, that of sentences. It may be said that, in a way, morphology is more abstract than syntax, as it does not study connections between words actually used together in sentences, but connections between forms actually found in different sentences. In another way, however, morphology would appear to be less abstract than syntax, as it studies units of a smaller and more compact kind, whereas syntax deals with larger units, whose types and varieties are hard to number.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Teaching Grammar Communicatively

    ...наставни методи на тема: TEACHING GRAMMAR COMMUNICATIVELY Ментор: Изработила: Table of content: 1. ...

    Read More
  • Prescriptive Grammar

    ...This lesson highlights the important fact that linguists describe the grammatical system of a language on the basis of what people actually say, not what they should say. To a linguist, grammar consists of those constructions judged acceptable by a native speaker’s intuitions. This is what it means to say that linguistics is descriptive and no...

    Read More
  • English Grammar Teaching

    ...TEACHING ENGLISH GRAMMAR CHAPTER 1 WHAT IS GRAMMAR? WHAT IS GRAMMAR? There are two definitions of grammar according to the Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms: • The systematic study and description of a language. • A set of rules and examples dealing with the syntax and word structures of a language, usually intended as...

    Read More
  • Research on Prescriptive Grammar and Its Comparison with Descriptive Grammar

    ...i Research on Prescriptive Grammar and Its Comparison with Descriptive Grammar ii Abstract In English linguistics, there are two approaches which are opposite to each other theoretically: prescriptive grammar and descriptive grammar. These two grammars were born in different historical conditions, and the application rules involved in has...

    Read More
  • Descriptive & Prescriptive Grammar

    ...& SWAGPro TSL 3083 Teaching Grammar in Primary School Descriptive grammar  Descriptive grammar refers to the structure of a language as it is actually used by speakers and writers of the native speaker.  Descriptive grammars describe how people use spoken and written language and the knowledge that they use to decide whet...

    Read More
  • Alice Munro Grammar Didactic Question

    ...what training is necessary for the process of learning about a culture; secondly, how to teach culture and literature by gradually building up skills. Teachers should take into account both the process itself, and the development of a meaningful cultural curriculum. Therefore, practical communicative language activities should be designed which...

    Read More
  • Structural Grammar

    ...(DESCRIPTIVE LINGUISTICS) STRUCTURAL GRAMMAR Broadly speaking any grammar in which there is an attempt to describe the structure of grammatical sentences is structural grammar. But the term has come to refer more narrowly to the type of grammar brought to its maximum development in the early 1950's by such men like C. C. Fries and Zelling Harris...

    Read More
  • Grammar Translation Method

    ...The Grammar - Translation Method[1] Introduction As the names of some of its leading exponents suggest (Johann Seidenstucker, Karl Plotz, H. S. Ollendorf, and Johann Meidinger), Grammar translation was the offspring of German scholarship[2], the object of which according to one of its less charitable critics, was "to know everythin...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.