1. From which document is the passage above excerpted?
The passage above was taken out of the Declaration of Independence.
2. Who wrote it?
The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson.
3. When was it written?
The Declaration of Independence was drafted between June 11th and June 28th but signed July 4th 1976.
4. Who was the father of enlightenment?
The father of enlightenment was John Locke.
5. Identify at least five elements of the passage quoted above are a reflection of the “Enlightenment Philosophy” evident in the writings of john Locke and Thomas Hobbes?
1. …to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them…
2. — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government…
3. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
4. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
5. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…
6. In the quoted passage above, which five elements do you see that would relate to “Basic English Liberties” that have been long held beliefs and traditions considered by British subjects then and Americans today to be ancient in origin and appearing as grievances in out landmark documents?
1. In times of peace, standing armies without the consent of our legislatures…
2. For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us.
3. He has imposed taxes without our consent