Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Topics: Gottfried Leibniz, Philosophy, Metaphysics Pages: 3 (706 words) Published: August 30, 2011
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
(1646- 1716)

Born: 1-Jul-1646
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: 14-Nov-1716
Location of death: Hannover, Hanover, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Die Neustädter Kirche, Hanover, Germany
Gender: Male
Religion: Lutheran
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Mathematician, Philosopher
Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Co-Inventor of calculus

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (sometimes von Leibniz) (July 1, 1646 - November 14, 1716) was a German mathematician and philosopher. He wrote primarily in Latin and French Gottfried Leibniz was born on July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Saxony, to Friedrich Leibniz and Catherina Schmuck. Leibniz's father, who was of Sorbian ancestry, died when he was six years old, and from that point on, he was raised by his mother. Her teachings influenced Leibniz's philosophical thoughts in his later life. Philosopher

Leibniz's philosophical thinking appears fragmented, because his philosophical writings consist mainly of a multitude of short pieces: journal articles, manuscripts published long after his death, and many letters to many correspondents. He wrote only two philosophical treatises, of which only the Théodicée of 1710 was published in his lifetime. Leibniz dated his beginning as a philosopher to his Discourse on Metaphysics, which he composed in 1686 as a commentary on a running dispute between Nicolas Malebranche and Antoine Arnauld. This led to an extensive and valuable correspondence with Arnauld; it and the Discourse were not published until the 19th century. In 1695, Leibniz made his public entrée into European philosophy with a journal article titled "New System of the Nature and Communication of Substances". Between 1695 and 1705, he composed his New Essays on Human Understanding, a lengthy commentary on John Locke's 1690 An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, but upon learning of Locke's 1704 death, lost the desire to publish it, so...
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