Gothic in Mary Shelly's Frankenstein
Gothic novel is a terrified story in which most of the actions as well as the setting are the mysterious and terrifying one. Mary Shelly's Frankenstein is a good example of a gothic novel, but this novel is not a mere gothic one, it is a mixture of gothic and romance in which gothic is the dominant element. Frankenstein is a story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist, who wants to know how to create life, and finally he makes a monster out of the rests of some dead bodies. After Victor did this he became regretful, abandoned his university, and came back home, but the monster wants to get revenge from his creator because of his loneliness. At last the monster kills all the members of victor’s family, and finally he goes back North where he disappears for the last time. One of the most important elements of a gothic novel is its setting which transmits terror and fear to readers. This atmosphere can happen in dark, miserable, and desolate places as well as lonely characters. Frankenstein somehow has all these elements together; this novel starts with some letters that Robert Walton, a sailor, writes to his sister, he talks about his loneliness and his need to a friend. Although he has so many crews, he thinks he is alone and needs a friend to share his feeling with. So at the beginning of this novel we face with a lonely person and a very cold, icy, and dark place as he describes in his letters, Walton also describes that sometimes his sheep is in danger of huge tornado; therefore with these elements at the beginning of the story, Mary Shelly wants to ready readers for her horror novel. So after making readers ready, Mary shelly starts to describe the story of Victor Frankenstein, the main character of her novel. In first two chapters of the novel, every thing is normal actually, a calm and smooth life with few ups and downs that is normal in each life. Every thing starts when Victor decided to go to Ingolstadt College...
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