Gordon Allport And Odbert's Theory Essay

Good Essays
rigins

In 1936 Gordon Allport and H. S. Odbert hypothesized that:

Those individual differences that are most salient and socially relevant in people’s lives will eventually become encoded into their language; the more important such a difference, the more likely is it to become expressed as a single word.

This statement has become known as the Lexical Hypothesis.

Allport and Odbert had worked through two of the most comprehensive dictionaries of the English language available at the time, and extracted 18,000 personality-describing words. From this gigantic list they extracted 4500 personality-describing adjectives which they considered to describe observable and relatively permanent traits.

In 1946 Raymond Cattell used the emerging technology
…show more content…
Although subsequent research has failed to replicate his results, and it has been shown that he retained too many factors, the current 16PF takes these findings into account and is considered to be a very good test. In 1963, W.T. Norman replicated Cattell’s work and suggested that five factors would be sufficient.

Hiatus in research

For the next seventeen years, the changing Zeitgeist made the publication of personality research difficult. Social psychologists argued that behavior is not stable, but varies with context, so that predicting behavior by personality test was impossible. They further argued that character, or personality, is something humans impose on people in order to maintain an illusion of consistency in the world. Furthermore, Walter Mischel in his 1968 book Psychological Assessment asserted that personality tests could not predict behavior with a correlation of more than 0.3.

Around 1980, three developments brought personality research into the modern era: personal computers, statistical aggregation, and the Big

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Gordon Allport

    • 2385 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Allport, Gordon Gordon Willard Allport (November 11, 1897 - October 9, 1967) was an American psychologist, who played a major role in shaping the fields of personality psychology and social psychology. A long time and influential member of the faculty at Harvard University, he had wide-ranging interests in eidetic imagery, religion, social attitudes, rumor, and radio. His basic works include Pattern and Growth in Personality and his most influential book, The Nature of Prejudice. Allport proposed…

    • 2385 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Gordon Allport- theory review PSY201 Boitumelo Chantelle Mangope Introduction Gordon Allport was truly a phenomenal personality theorist who explained what a personality is and he bent most of the rules that were set out by other theorists including the father of personality himself, Sigmund Freud and in addition to that, he considered Freud’s theory of personality as the worst theory of all time. The Life of Gordon Allport Gordon Allport was the first American-born personality theorist and…

    • 2590 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Gordon Allport Draft

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Gordon Allport (1897 – 1967) was the first psychologist to give thought to the uniqueness of the human personality. He developed his ‘trait’ theory as a means to describe an image of personality rather than to try and understand its development. Allport was seen as a humanist due to his radical views of individuality, which conflicted with the beliefs of the more conservative behaviorists’ and psychoanalysts of the time. He originally studied philosophy at Harvard University and later returned to…

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Question 1 1. Extension of the Sense of Self, that is, involvement and participation. This sense of authentic participation applies to work, family, leisure and all aspects of life. • Monica maintains the house • She babysits for her friends whilst at work whenever necessary. • She is willing to cook or bake something for her friend in the occasion of a party. • She takes care of the needs of her children • She also takes her family out to the amusement park for leisure. 2. Warm Relating…

    • 982 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Application Questions 1. The first stage is Bodily Self. In this stage, infants become aware of their own existence and distinguish their own bodies from objects in the environment (Schultz & Schultz 2009). Monica has a sense of humor. She often feels frustrated as she takes care of her children and loses her temper. She is able to joke about her fatigue later. The next stage is Self-identity. Children realize that their identity remains intact despite the many changes that are taking place. Monica…

    • 998 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    In 1954, Gordon Allport, articulated five steps in which people behave negatively towards people of a different ethnic group, this is known as explicit bias.Explicit bias refers to the attitudes we have about a person or group on a conscious level. These five steps go as follows: verbal antagonism, avoidance, segregation, physical attack, and…

    • 55 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    allport

    • 5296 Words
    • 22 Pages

    Allport’s theory of traits 1 Allport’s Theory of Traits – A Critical Review of the Theory and Two Studies Louise Barkhuus ID: 4187741 Concordia University PSYC 326/4 Patricia Csank Date: April 19, 1999 Allport’s theory of traits 2 Abstract This paper reviews Gordon Allport’s theory of traits as well as two of his studies, “Personality Traits”, 1921 and “Letters from Jenny”, 1966. His theory, which is based more on his view of human nature than on research, distinguishes between…

    • 5296 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Gordon s Theory

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages

    David Draper Kelsey Rogers Gordon’s Theory Majorie Gordon theory was established with 11 functional health patterns. Gordon proposed 11 functional health patterns as a guide to organize data while assessing a patient. These 11 health patterns help signify a sequence of recurring behavior. Gordon’s Typology of 11 Functional Health Patterns 1. Health-perception-health –management pattern a. Describes the client’s perceived pattern of health and well-being and how health is managed. 2. Nutritional-metabolic…

    • 573 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Allport and Skinner

    • 2911 Words
    • 12 Pages

    ALLPORT 'S EARLY YEARS Gordon Allport was born in Montezuma, Indiana, in 1897, the youngest of four brothers. As a shy boy, he was teased and lived an isolated childhood. (Oloson/Sihed p191) His father was a country doctor, and this meant that his father 's patients were always in the house. Everyone in his house worked hard. His early life seemed to be pleasant and uneventful. What is known about his life is Allport received his PH.D. in Psychology in 1922 from Harvard, following in…

    • 2911 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Midterm Midterm Paper One October 31, 2011 Midterm Paper One I choose to do Gordon’s theory for my paper because I thought his idea of assimilation was very interesting. The thought that a group had to go through seven sub-processes in order to fully assimilate seemed somewhat extreme for me. America was based on freedom and everyone being able to be different. So based on Gordon’s theory, in the first stage people are losing their culture, through changing eating habits, new value system…

    • 833 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays