Mikhail Gorbachev: First and last president of the Soviet Union. Overview: Gorbachev’s efforts to democratize his country’s political system and decentralize its economy led to the downfall of communism and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. In part because he ended the Soviet Union’s post-war domination of Eastern Europe, Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1990. Chapter 1- Early Childhood: Born, Privolnoye, Krasnogvardeisky District, Stavropol territory in the North Caucasus, to a peasant family in a small village, his father an agricultural mechanic on a collective farm. His parents were Maria Panteleyevna and Sergey Andreyevich Gorbachev. Growing up as a child, Gorbachev experienced the darkest days of the Soviet Famine 1932-33. In that horrid year, Gorbachev recalls half the population of his village starved to death which included two sisters and one brother of his father
Chapter 2: Education-
1955- Graduated from Moscow State University- Law degree.
1967- Qualified as an agricultural economist via a correspondence master’s degree at the Stavropol Institute of Agriculture.
While at the university, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and soon became very active within the party. Chapter 3- Early roles within the Communist Party: In the period of 1955-60, Gorbachev was appointed First Secretary for the Komsomol Territorial Committee. He then moved up to higher posts, finally becoming top Komsomol official in Stavropol. Following this in 1962, he became appointed to key position in Stavropol Communist Party, responsible for personnel in administration, farms and industry. Mikhail Gorbachev
My life's work has been accomplished. I did all that I could. - Mikhail Gorbachev
D.O.B: 2 March, 1931 (Age 82)
Nationality: Russian In office:
President: 15 March 1990 – 25 December 1991.
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet...
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