GOOD GOVERANCE AND ROLE OF PUBLIC SERVANT
2. Definition of Good Governance
3. Characteristics of Good Governance
4. Importance of Good Governance
5. Good Governance in Pakistan
6. Public Servant and its role for Good Governance
Governance is not a new concept. It is, as old as, human civilization. Governance has various forms and manifestations according to varied and diversified needs and gigantic challenges with ever changing circumstances. For example, accountability, justice, law and order, poverty alleviation, judicious allocation of funds and distribution of resources, reducing economic disparities and inequalities, provision of education, health facilities and other subsistence amenities. Whereas,Good Governance is somewhat relatively new conceptmaking itself pervasively deep rooted and indispensable at comity of nations. World is clutched in, with enormous problems and emerging challenges of dramatic changes of global weather phenomenon and world politics, increasing food security crises, recent famines in Horns Of Africa, hurricanes, tornadoes, torrential rains and flash floods, and security of peoples” and properties is at the verge of risk due to increasing extremist fascism and Islamists radicalization of societies in Europe and East respectively. “Good Governance,therefore, is a process of making decisions and implementing decisions made, properly and effectively.” Various state organization and agencies are responsible for Good Governance. Government,being more powerful structure, is primarily responsible for governance. Balanced and conducive working relationship between Government and bureaucracy is crucial factor for Good Governance. Any fracture in that correlation would bring repercussions to an unbearable extent. New emerging economies, now are concentrating on Good Governance rather than on industrial growth. Good governance has different characteristics .Each characteristic has its own importance and its attainment is vital for overall Governance. Briefly these characteristics are summed as under: I. ACROSS THE BOARD ACCOUNTABILITY: Every citizenry of country should be accounted for his good or bad deeds. In former case should be appreciated and awarded and in later case punitive measures be recommended against him. Accountability should be across the board irrespective of political, social, religious and monetary affiliations from head of state or government to common citizen. II. JUDICIOUS DISTRIBUTION AND EQUITABLE SHARING OF STATE RESOURCES: Resources are scarce /scanty and wants are unlimited. In this scenario, poor and under privilege classes may be given priority to redress their grievances .And , because these classes are more susceptible and vulnerable for exploitation from other groups ,like militant elements , take advantage of such vacuums left unfilled by governments. Provincial autonomy with more powers to federating units is also healthy sign for judicious distribution and allocation of funds. III. LAW AND ORDER SITUATION: It is primary duty of government to protect peoples” lives and their properties. For this purpose ,different tiers of security forces are kept ranging from Army, paramilitary forces, levies, Frontier Constabulary, Frontier corps, Police and to Scouts. Police are responsible for maintaining intercity and intra cities law and order. IV. SPEEDY DISPENSATION OF JUSTICE: “Justice delayed is justice denied” is commonly used maxim of under developing countries. Speedy and inexpensive justice is sole responsibility of state. It should be provided at any cost. Otherwise, injustice ridden peoples will leave no stone unturned, to rebel and revolt against justice system and government functionaries as a whole. V. DISSEMINATION AND IMPARTING OF EDUCATION: Education is birth right of every individual person of state. Religion Islam has also emphasized to its believers to knowledge and education....
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