Wang family was shown. The story completed a "circle of life", with Wang being the center of the
circle. While Wang at first was intimidated, he also looked down on the House of Hwang, he soon
found that when his family became rich, his house fell onto some of the same "curses". In both
houses, a lack of love for the land was highly noticeable (except for Wang Lung), opium was used,
slaves were bought and sold even though Wang first opposed slaves, and the future heirs wished to
sell the land for money but at the same time lose their support for if the house should fall.
When the House of Hwang was in power, Wang noticed how they had a complete lack of love
for the earth. They had to constantly sell pieces of land to pay their immediate debts, but by doing
this they gave away their support if a dark time should fall upon the house. Wang knew that this
would be the downfall of the house, so he bought the land from the house. After the House of
Hwang fell, the House of Wang came to power. Wang kept in mind his whole life that without the
good earth, he was nothing. Wang worried when he noticed that his sons lacked his love for the
land. Wang was disturbed to think that when he passed away his sons would sell the land, and his
family would succumb to the same fate of the Hwang house; as shown on page 37 when Wang said,
"Sell their land!...Then indeed are they growing poor. Land is one's flesh and blood".
Opium usage was a major role in the downfall of the Hwang house. The Old Mistress was
heavily addicted to the drug, and in her desire for the drug, she drove her house "into the ground".
On page 39, Wang was paying the Gate Keeper for the land he was purchasing and the Gate Keeper
said "Here is enough for a few days of opium for the old lady, at any rate". For the House of Wang,
opium became almost a relief for Wang when he devised his