# Golden ratio

The Golden Number

1.61803 39887 49894 84820 is by no means a number of memorization. However, it is a recognizable one. Never will you find a combination of numbers that is more significant than this one. This ratio is known as the Golden Number, or the Golden Ratio. This mystery number has been used throughout different aspects of life, such as art, architecture, and of course, mathematics. One may wonder where the Golden Ratio came from? Who thought to discover it? When was it discovered? And how has it been used throughout time? The Golden ratio has been used throughout different aspects of life after being discovered during the ancient times.

About two to three thousand years ago, the Golden Ratio was first recognized and made use by the ancient mathematicians in Egypt. The golden ratio was introduced by its frequent use in geometry. An ancient mathematician, sculptor, and architect named Phidias, who used the golden ratio to make sculptures, discovered it. He lived from sometime around 490 to 430 BC. None of his original works exist, however he was highly spoken of by ancient writers who gave him high praise. Hegias of Athens, Agelades of Argos, and Polygnotus of Thasos were said to have trained him. Although not much is known about Phidias’s life, he is still regarded as one of the best sculptors of Classical Greece. He made sculptures of the ancient Greek goddess Athena and the ancient God of the sky and ruler of the Olympian Gods, Zeus, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the World, by employing the Golden Ratio. The Golden Ratio is also known as Phi, after Phidias, the Golden section, the Golden mean, the Golden number, divine proportion, divine section, and Golden proportion (Rod 2013)1.

Not so long after Phidius discovered the Golden Ratio, Leonardo Fibonacci, a mathematician, discovered the Fibonacci sequence, which has been proven to tie into the Golden Ratio (Hom 2013)2. If you take any two successive numbers from the Fibonacci sequence,...

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