Topics: Goal, Management, Motivation Pages: 7 (1655 words) Published: June 24, 2013
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For other uses, see Goal (disambiguation).
A poster at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City, New York, USA, showing the Millennium Development Goals

A goal is a desired result a person or a system envisions, plans and commits to achieve a personal or organizational desired end-point in some sort of assumed development. Many people endeavor to reach goals within a finite time by setting deadlines.

It is roughly similar to purpose or aim, the anticipated result which guides reaction, or an end, which is an object, either a physical object or an abstract object, that has intrinsic value. Contents

1 Goal-setting
1.1 Short-term goals
2 Personal goals
2.1 Achieving personal goals
2.2 Personal Goal Achievement and Happiness
3 Self-Concordance Model
3.1 Self-concordant goals
4 Goal management in organizations
5 See also
6 References
7 Further reading

Main article: Goal-setting

Goal-setting ideally involves establishing specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time-bounded (S.M.A.R.T.) objectives.[citation needed] Work on the goal-setting theory suggests that it can serve as an effective tool for making progress by ensuring that participants have a clear awareness of what they must do to achieve or help achieve an objective. On a personal level, the process of setting goals allows people to specify and then work towards their own objectives most commonly, financial or career-based goals. Goal-setting comprises a major component of personal development.

A goal can be long-term or short-term. The primary difference is the time required to achieve them.[1] Short-term goals

Short-term goals expect accomplishment in a short period of time, such as trying to get a bill paid in the next few days. The definition of a short-term goal need not relate to any specific length of time. In other words, one may achieve (or fail to achieve) a short-term goal in a day, week, month, year, etc. The time-frame for a short-term goal relates to its context in the overall time line that it is being applied to. For instance, one could measure a short-term goal for a month-long project in days; where as one might measure a short-term goal for someone's lifetime in months or in years. Planners usually define short-term goals in relation to a long-term goal or goals. Personal goals

Individuals can set personal goals. A student may set a goal of a high mark in an exam. An athlete might run five miles a day. A traveler might try to reach a destination-city within three hours. Financial goals are a common example, to save for retirement or to save for a purchase.

Managing goals can give returns in all areas of personal life. Knowing precisely what one wants to achieve makes clear what to concentrate and improve on, and often subconsciously prioritizes that goal.

Goal-setting and planning ("goal work") promotes long-term vision and short-term motivation. It focuses intention, desire, acquisition of knowledge, and helps to organize resources.

Efficient goal work includes recognizing and resolving all guilt, inner conflict or limiting belief that might cause one to sabotage one's efforts. By setting clearly defined goals, one can subsequently measure and take pride in the achievement of those goals. One can see progress in what might have seemed a long, perhaps impossible, grind. Achieving personal goals

Achieving complex and difficult goals requires focus, long-term diligence and effort. Success in any field requires forgoing excuses and justifications for poor performance or lack of adequate planning; in short, success requires emotional maturity. The measure of belief that people have in their ability to achieve a personal goal also affects that achievement.

Long-term achievements rely on short-term achievements. Emotional control over the small...

References: ^ Kalnins, James (2013). Long Term Goal Setting. New York: Amazon. pp. 17–20.
^ Emmons, R.A. (1996). The Psychology of action: Linking cognition and motivation to behaviour. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 313–337.
^ McGregor, Ian; Brian R. Little (February 1998). "Personal projects, happiness, and meaning: On doing well and being yourself.". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74 (2): 494–512.
^ Brunstein, J (1993). "Personal goals and subjective well-being: A longitudinal study". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 65: 1061–1070.
^ Elliott, A.J.; Sheldon, K.M. (1998). "Avoidance personal goals and the personality-illness relationship". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75: 1282–1299.
^ Sheldon, K.M.; Kasser, T. (1998). "Pursuing personal goals: Skills enable progress but not all progres is beneficial". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 24: 564–557.
^ Sheldon, Kennon M.; Eliott, Andrew J. (1999). "Goal Striving, Need Satisfaction and Longitudinal Well-Being: The Self-Concordance Model.". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 76 (3): 482–497.
^ Gollwitzer, P.M. (1990). E.T Higgins &R.M. Sorrentino, ed. Handbook of motivation and cognition (2 ed.). New York: Guilford Press. pp. 53–92. More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)
^ Ryan, Richard M (January 2000)
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