Goal Setting & Concentration: Two Important Pst Skills

Topics: Goal, Term, Goal setting Pages: 5 (1814 words) Published: May 3, 2006
Goal Setting & Concentration: Two Important PST Skills

Psychological skills training are an important part of training programs in sports and in other areas of life. Goal setting is one particular area of a psychological skills training that is very important. Another very important area of psychological skills training is concentration. These are the two areas that I have chosen to focus on so that I believe can achieve the optimal level of performance in academics. Goal Setting and concentration go hand in hand with each other when you are trying to attain a certain goal or achievement. Recently, back on January 31st, I received a grade of 70 percent on my first exam in finance. Although, I scored 10 points higher than the class average, I still believe that I can do better. So I have set a goal for myself to achieve at least an 80 percent or better on the second exam, which is scheduled for February 21st. According to Casey Spieker and Verlin Hinsz, research shows that challenging and specific goals in conjunction with high self-efficacy lead to higher levels of task performance. The impact of repeated success and failure on personal goals and self-efficacy was examined. Undergraduate students initially participated in two-idea generation tasks in which they generated different uses for common objects, such as a knife, which provided them with opportunities to either succeed or fail in goal attainment. Participants then set personal goals and judged their self-efficacy for a subsequent idea generation trial. Our results show that participants who experienced repealed successes set higher personal goals than did those with only a single success, while self-efficacy was not significantly influenced by repealed success or failure. These findings suggest that situational and personal factors such as reactions to prior successes and failures may influence persona! Goals on future tasks do not seem to have an influence on self-efficacy (Spieker p 191-197). When I was studying for the first exam, there were a lot of distractions. I coach Junior Varsity boy's basketball, and we have games twice a week and practice the other three nights a week. I am a very social person and love going out with my wife and friends a lot. Lastly, I am taking 21 credit hours this quarter, and I am dividing my time with the other six courses. So, for the week before my second exam, I am going to focus and concentrate more on this exam. In the first step of goal setting you must set short term goals that you can steadily build upon. When you set short term goals and achieve them, you will be more likely to make your long term goals. By setting goals, you allow yourself to dictate where and how you are going to do in life. When you know exactly what you want to achieve, you can concentrate more effectively when doing it. By setting clearly defined goals, you can evaluate and take pleasure in the achievement of those goals. By setting goals, you will also increase your self-confidence, as you identify your abilities and competence in achieving those goals. According to Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, goal setting is an extremely powerful technique for enhancing performance, but it must be implemented correctly (Weinberg, 333). Here are a couple of reasons why goal setting works; you pay more attention to the important elements of what you are trying to achieve. You begin to develop new learning strategies, which can help you to achieve your goal. It is very important to set performance and not outcome goals, because athletes who set performance versus outcome goals experience less anxiety and more confidence and satisfaction. You should set goals over issues which you have as much control as possible there is nothing worse than failing to achieve a personal goal for reasons that are beyond your control. According to Laura Rader, students need to identify their obstacles, and make a list of the things that...

References: Allman, William F. The Mental Edge. U.S. News & World Report; 8/3/92, Vol. 113
Issue 5, p. 50
Rader, Laura A. Goal Setting for Students and Teachers. Clearing House. Jan/Feb
2005, Vol. 78 Issue 3, p.124 Database: Academic Search Premier
Spieker, Casey J., Hinsz, Verlin B. Repeated Success and Failure Influences on
Self-Efficacy and Personal Goals. Social Behavior and Personality: An
International Journal; 2004, Vol. 32 Issue 2, p. 191-197
Weinberg, Robert S., Gould, Daniel. (2003) Foundations of Sport & Exercise
Psychology. USA
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