Globalization is the diffusion of ideas, goods and information on a global level (Held, McGrew, Goldblatt, Perraton). With technology advancing, international communication increasing and trading becoming simplistic, globalization has started to shape both developed and underdeveloped countries, especially within the past 30 years. Although international trading today is seen as a norm, not all countries are reaping the benefits. There has been many efforts to implement international labor laws for underpaid workers and children in low income regions. Human rights in the international workforce has been questioned with minimum wage violations, forced labor, timed bathroom breaks and discrimination present (International Labor Rights Forum).
The International Labour Organization, who aims to promote jobs while protecting people’s rights exclaims:
After three years of continuous crisis conditions in global labor markets and against
the prospect of a further deterioration of economic activity, there is a backlog of
global unemployment of 200 million – an increase of 27 million since the start of
the crisis. In addition, more than 400 million new jobs will be needed over the
next decade to avoid a further increase in unemployment. Hence, to generate
sustainable growth while maintaining social cohesion, the world must rise to the
urgent challenge of creating 600 million productive jobs over the next decade,
which would still leave 900 million workers living with their families
below the US$2 a day poverty line, largely in developing countries (Executive
Summary - Global Employment Trends 2012).
With the world economy decelerating, the quality of living standards have also slowing down: “output per worker in the developed Economies and European Union was US$72,900 in 2011 versus an average of US$13,600 in developing regions. That means that.. the average worker in a developing country produces less than one fifth of the output of the average...
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Fletcher, Ian. "Why "Fair" Trade Is Not The (Whole) Answer." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 Mar. 2011. Web. 13 Apr. 2013.
Held, David, Anthony McGrew, David Goldblatt, and Jonathan Perraton. "Global Transformations." What Is Globalization? Polity, Mar. 1999. Web. 01 Mar. 2013.
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Steger, Manfred B. "The Cultural Dimensions of Globalization." Globalization: A Very Short Introduction. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2009. 69-92. Print.
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