Globalization and Identity
Globalization is the speeding up of global interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life (Held, McGrew, Goldblatt & Perraton, 1999). It leads to formation of spaces where economies, technologies, policies and most importantly people from different places and backgrounds intermingle (Saldanha, 2002). It is a complex concept has several dimensions such as political, technological, human, environmental and cultural (Pais, 2006). Identity often refers to the ways in which individuals take to distinguish themselves or are perceived to be distinguished, in their social relations with other individuals and collectivities (Jenkins, 1996). But James Fearon (1999) argues that the term identity is used in two senses namely social and personal. While in the former sense the reference is only towards a social classification of a group of people differentiated by the rules and attributes, the latter sense of personal identity is more closely related to the individual and is taken to be the set of distinguishing characteristics and sense of pride that a person takes while representing these characteristics. It is these concepts of globalization and identity that this essay seeks to explore in context to India. India, as a country is vast with each of its twenty eight states representing diversity not only in terms of geography but with regards to language, lifestyle and essentially the culture. The demographics pose another enormity including men, women, youth, aging population, lower, middle and upper class. Considering this immense range, the scope of the essay has been narrowed down to represent the issues of globalization and identity and the effects of these issues particularly on the youth of India, in two of its major cities of Bangalore and Delhi. This scope has been selected as irrespective of what age limits are taken to define the age of youth, majority of India’s population is young and globalization has had a profound effect on the youth, especially in metropolitan cities such as Bangalore and Delhi (Athyal, n.d.). The essay commences by giving a brief historical background of globalization in India along with an introduction about both the cities of Bangalore and Delhi. It argues that globalization has both pros and cons with regards to the youth and discusses both advantages and disadvantages of the situation in the process of analyzing the issues of globalization and identity faced by the youth, in both the cities. The essay ends by concluding that while there are areas of progress and enhancement, there are also numerous issues of grave concern with regards to globalization and identity. These issues pose a threat to the well being of youth of India, particularly in metropolitan cities such as Bangalore and Delhi and there is a need to maintain a right balance in order to gain from globalization History
The process of globalization has been an integral part of the recent economic progress made by India. Whereas in the 1960s and 1970s the image of India was synonymous with poverty, in the 1980s and 1990s the attention increasingly shifted towards the process of economic liberalisation and globalisation (Lakha, 2005). India opened up the economy in the early nineties and the new policies radically pushed forward in favour of a more open and market oriented economy, with measures including scrapping of the industrial licensing regime and a notable reduction in the number of areas reserved for the public sector. This marked an important period sparking the interest of multinational companies in India and it still continues to be one of the most favourable destinations for international investment owing to factors such as the high potential of domestic market driven by an emerging middle class and an enormous talent pool (Ersnt & Young survey, 2012)
Globalization has played a major role in export led growth and enlargement of job market in India. One of...
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