global positoning system

Powerful Essays
GPS TECHNOLOGY

OPTIMIZING CAR NAVIGATION

BMI Paper
Elvis N. Ngah
Business Mathematics and Informatics
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Date:

August 15, 2006.

Supervisor:

Dr. Sandjai Bhulai
Department of Mathematics
Stochastics Section

BMI Paper

GPS Technology: Optimizing Car Navigation
This page is intentionally left blank.

1

BMI Paper

GPS Technology: Optimizing Car Navigation
CONTENTS

Preface .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4
1

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................ 6

2

APPLICATIONS OF GPS................................................................................................................................... 9
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.4
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.3.3
2.3.4
2.3.5
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
2.5.4

3

CAR GPS NAVIGATION SYSTEMS.............................................................................................................. 14
3.1
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.3

4

BRIEF REVIEW ....................................................................................................................................... 14
FUNCTIONING OF CAR GPS................................................................................................................. 14
Distance Calculation ....................................................................................................................... 14
Frequency Identification.................................................................................................................. 15
Coordinate Determination

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