Global Food Supply Chain

Topics: Food, Food security, Agriculture Pages: 77 (12642 words) Published: January 13, 2013
Study conducted for the
International Congress
SAVE FOOD!
at Interpack2011
Düsseldorf, Germany

Global
food
losses
and
food
waste
extent,
causes and
prevention

Cover photos:
Jonathan Bloom and Nick Saltmarsh
Cover design:
Simone Morini

Study conducted for the
International Congress
SAVE FOOD!
at Interpack2011
Düsseldorf, Germany

by
Jenny Gustavsson
Christel Cederberg
Ulf Sonesson
Swedish Institute for Food
and Biotechnology (SIK)
Gothenburg, Sweden

Global
food
losses
and
food
waste

and
Robert van Otterdijk
Alexandre Meybeck
FAO
Rome, Italy

extent,
causes and
prevention

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2011

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

All rights reserved. FAO encourages the reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Non-commercial uses will be authorized free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. Applications for permission to reproduce or disseminate FAO copyright materials, and all queries concerning rights and licences, should be addressed by e-mail to copyright@fao.org or to the Chief, Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy.

© FAO 2011

iii

Contents
Preface

iv

Executive summary

v

1. Introduction

1

2. Methodology

2

3. Extent of food losses and waste

4

2.1 Definition of food losses and food waste
2.2 Types of food losses and food waste
2.3 Quantification of food losses and waste
3.1 Food volumes produced
3.2 Extent of food losses and waste

2
2
3
4
4

4. Causes and prevention of food losses and waste

10

5. Conclusions

15

References

16

Further reading

17

Annexes

23

iv

Preface
This publication is based on studies carried out from August 2010 to January 2011 by The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology (SIK) on request from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

The two studies on global food losses (one for high/medium-income countries and one for low income countries) have been carried out to serve as a basis for the international congress Save Food!, 16-17 May 2011, at the international packaging industry fair Interpack2011 in Düsseldorf, Germany. Save Food! has been co-organized by Interpack2011 and FAO. Save Food! aims at awareness raising on global food losses and waste, and on the impact of these on poverty and hunger in the world, as well as on climate change and on the use of natural resources.

The authors would like to thank Lisa Kitinoja, Adel Kader, Felicitas Schneider, Vaclav Smil and Jesper Stage among other researchers who have contributed helpful inputs throughout the project. Special thanks go to Jonathan Bloom and Nick Saltmarsh for their photos, to Simone Morini for the cover design and the layout and to Larissa D'Aquilio for the graphic project coordination.

v

Executive summary
The study highlights the losses occurring along the entire food chain, and makes assessments of their magnitude. Further, it identifies causes of food losses and possible ways...

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