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Global Expansion

By Minuteman65 May 05, 2013 1898 Words
Global expansion

Thesis Statement ¹ In a reversal of the actual trends of the global exchange starting from 1200 until at least the late 1700s, ideas inventions, and trade goods were seen to be diffused from Europe to the rest of the world. Europe had become the dynamic engine of the interregional interaction and cross cultural encounters that were increasingly viewed as definitive for early modern and modern world history European view on religion, political and on military expansion and cultural expansion. And expanding their views formed the expansion of the European nation, which shaped a world for global expansion and interaction. During this period Europe was the super power of its time. Europe was the epic center of this time, and of the world, the Mecca of its time. Europe was full of new inventions, ideas; this was the nucleus of changes. The countries of Europe were in the right place and the right time to force expansion and nation building and world conquest and a new enlightenment. The Europeans, Mongol empire, the religion, and the political and military views form the Global Expansion Interaction of that era.

The Europeans, Mongol empire, the religion, and the political and military views form the Global Expansion Interaction of that era. Spain played a great part in the exploration of the humanity, the discovery period of Renaissance and the age of exploration period of the world. Mongol empire, Spain and the Spanish empire, explores the dynamism that arose everywhere in the world after 1200 and shows how a series of autonomous societies became interdependent on a global scale by 1700. Expansion is defined as to expansion of one’s territorial, (Growth).David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 that’s “² Political and Military Expansion, the most common way of presenting expansion is in terms of extension of political control. As a system of government, the Mongol empire is an example of a distinctive type of such political empire building. It was the most spectacular of several cases of political expansion characterized by roving militarized elites who moved quickly and brutally to establish themselves as rulers of more settled societies, societies often far outside their homelands and with different cultures.” A perfect example of this is the modern day political and military expansion is when the United States of America went into modern day Baghdad and when to war put it ablaze as thick clouds of smoke rising high over the city as the United States and Britain unleashed their war of sock and awe against Iraq. This was an all-out assault on Iraq, a political conquest. The Arabic television station reported that Iraq was burning. One more aspect of global expansion is cultural expansion. ³ David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 “Across most of Asia the Middle East the Mongol empire also provided a structure for cultural expansion, which is much harder to describe succinctly. As people came into closer contact, they borrowed (or were forced to accept) values and material goods from the societies they encountered.

These cultural exchanges varied significantly from one contact to another, ranging from selective borrowing to the imposition of one culture on another. One of the most famous cultural exchanges came with Christopher Columbus discovered America in that he bought his culture to America from Spain. This was one of many aspects of global expansion doing the time frame of 1200—1700. However, Columbus’s explorations had a profound impact on the world. They led directly to the opening of the western hemisphere to European colonization; to large-scale exchanges of plants, animals, cultures, and ideas between the two worlds; and, on a darker note, to the deaths of millions of indigenous American peoples from war, forced labor, and disease. Economic Expansion was another driving force doing the time. Understanding Christopher Columbus is difficult without understanding the world into which he was born. The 15th century was a century of change, and many events that occurred during that time profoundly affected European society. Many of these events were driven by the centuries-long conflict between Christians and Muslims, followers of the religion known as Islam. The event that had the most far-reaching effects on Europe in the 15th century was the fall of the city of Constantinople (modern Istanbul, Turkey) to the Muslim Ottoman Empire. Constantinople had been the capital of the Orthodox Christian Byzantine Empire for centuries, and it was an important center for trade between Europe and Asia.

However, Europeans longed for a sea route to Asia that would allow them to bypass the Muslims and purchase Asian products directly. In addition, European princes and kings quickly realized that the first nation to find such a route could become very wealthy by monopolizing the highly profitable Asian trade. Isn’t it funny how things have not change but yet they stay the same, still in America today we fight a war are conflicts Christians against Muslims, Muslims against Christians, Jews, against Arab, when will this expansion stop, now I digress. Religious Expansion 4 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 “by providing a common legal tradition and safe communication throughout Asia; the Mongol empire facilitated the spread of religion system. Among the great religions, Islam was probably the biggest beneficiary of this situation, but under Mongol rule Buddhism also made great strides and Christian missionaries visited many part of Asia and China. “(Pg 8) Beyond the Mongol empire, the missionizing urge of Christianity was seen in the Crusades that began in 1095 and, after 1492, in the Christianization of America.” Religion played a dual role in the Spanish conquests, 5 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 as the church became serious about bringing Christianity to be Amerindians, however, religion became a complicated issue for the conquerors. Conquest was followed by missionaries, the most prominent being the Franciscans. The Franciscans of the time were committed to celibacy and poverty, convinced of the rightness of their goals, and well educated in religion, law, and language. The Spaniard had a profound effect on America and and on early America politics (Pg 118) The Principle Christianity is showed throughout the founding of a Nation called America. To further prove that the country is a Christian nation we can take a little look at the past to see the future; this is bared out in the Mayflower Compact, and the Puritans expansion.

The Mayflower ship lands at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with one hundred one colonists. The Mayflower Compact is signed by the 41 men, establishing a form of local government in which the colonists agree to abide by majority rule and to cooperate for the general good of the colony. The Compact sets the precedent for other colonies as they set up governments. The Mayflower Compact was signed John Carver, William Bradford, Edward Winslow, William Brewster, Isaac Allerton, Myles Standish, and John Alden. They believed that the covenants would honored God and Man. Finally economic expansion is define as An economic expansion is an increase in the level of economic activity, and of the goods and services available in the market place 6 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-170 0 “By incorporating the unruly warrior nomad of vast part of Eurasia into single political system, the Mongols gave their subject societies relatively stable condition and markets. This encouraged prosperity and demographic expansion in many of the agricultural societies under Mongol rule. At the same time, the size of the empire made much safer the trade routes between China, the Middle East India and Europe.” A(Pg 9) another part of economic expansion was the slave trade . 7 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-170 0 pg The slave not only shape plantation society , it also play an important role in shaping African politics. It is hard to measure this impact, but its significance is suggested by the expansion of the slave trade itself. Europeans were now among the middlemen who facilitated the trade. 8Three centuries later, in 1780s, Europeans were taking 50.000 to 90.000 slaves from Africa every year, drawing them from African societies all along the Atlantic coast and from Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. (Pg 83) The desire for global conquest the self-determination to guide a country there views on, political, and military expansion and cultural expansion, and religion expansion, led to the global expansion of the world between 1200 thru 1700. The four main arguments is paper is the expansion of these four group thought out time, political, military, religion cultural expansion. These are four main groups for the thesis.

Bibliography

Ringrose, David R: Expansion and Global interaction, 1200- 1700 Copy right 2001 Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. CA;

Footnote

1. David R Ringrose Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700: ¹ In a reversal of the actual trends of the global exchange starting from 1200 until at least the late 1700s, ideas inventions, and trade goods were seen to be diffused from Europe to the rest of the world

David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 that’s “² Political and Military Expansion, the most common way of presenting expansion is in terms of extension of political control. As a system of government, the Mongol empire is an example of a distinctive type of such political empire building.

3 . ³ David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 “Across most of Asia the Middle East the Mongol empire also provided a structure for cultural expansion, which is much harder to describe succinctly. As people came into closer contact, they borrowed (or were forced to accept) values and material goods from the societies they encountered.

4. 4 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 “by providing a common legal tradition and safe communication throughout Asia; the Mongol empire facilitated the spread of religion system. Among the great religions, Islam was probably the biggest beneficiary of this situation, but under Mongol rule Buddhism also made great strides and Christian missionaries visited many part of Asia and China. “(Pg 8) 5. 5 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-1700 as the church became serious about bringing Christianity to be Amerindians, however, religion became a complicated issue for the conquerors. Conquest was followed by missionaries, the most prominent being the Franciscans.

6 6 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-170 0 “By incorporating the unruly warrior nomad of vast part of Eurasia into single political system, the Mongols gave their subject societies relatively stable condition and markets. 7 7 David R Ringrose said in the book Expansion and Global Interaction 1200-170 0 pg The slave not only shape plantation society , it also play an important role in shaping African politics. It is hard to measure this impact, but its significance is suggested by the expansion of the slave trade itself. 8 8Three centuries later, in 1780s, Europens were taking 50.000 to 90.000 slaves from Africa every year, drawing them from African societies all along the Atlantic coast and from Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. (Pg 83)

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