Theocratic and Secular Totalitarianism
A country’s political system is rooted in the history and culture of its people (Wild & Wild, 2014). In the world, there are three political paradigms: Totalitarianism, Anarchism, and Pluralism. Each one of the political systems has its set of beliefs that affect the way policies are instituted, and businesses are permitted to operate. Therefore, it is imperative to gain an understanding of a countries culture and political system before investing in their market. Although the foundational principles of the Theocratic and Secular Totalitarianism systems are different, they are similar in the way they impose authority, lack constitutional guarantees and restrict participation. Totalitarian System
In a Totalitarian system, individuals govern without the support of the people, tightly control people’s lives, and do not tolerate opposing viewpoints (Wild & Wild, 2014). Theocratic Totalitarianism and Secular Totalitarianism represent the most common utilized Totalitarian Political Systems. In a Theocratic system, the country’s religious leaders are also its political leaders (Wild & Wild, 2014). It is popular in the Middle Eastern in countries such as Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan. In a Secular system, political leaders rely on military and bureaucratic power. It takes three forms: communist, tribal, and right-wing. Theocratic Totalitarianism
The Theocratic system focuses on controlling the entire population. They place a significant emphasis on controlling their citizen’s public and private lives. They legally exercise this authority citing their religious basis. For example, in Afghanistan, women must wear a long veil (Burqa), which covers them from head to toe (Rawa, 2015). Deviating from cultural norms and rules are punishable by law and sometimes has dire consequences. In theocracies, the minority is either non-existent or live in fear and seclusion. Secular Totalitarianism
Secular Totalitarianism is based on the...
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