GKE1 Task 3
GKE1 Task 3
A. The rise of imperialism by Portugal was due to the pursuit of exploration and trade. Imperialism is the acquisition of territory by either political or military force, while colonialism is sending citizens to inhabit and populate a new territory. Portugal landed in Brazil on April 23, 1500 and began setting up trading stations called “feitorias”.(Skidmore, 1999) Portugal did not have the population to colonize the new land and these stations were minimally staffed but secured by military means. The Portuguese used “bandeirantes” or armed groups to explore the land capturing Indians for labor and to look for precious metals. The religious order of Portuguese Jesuits was an aggressive mission network that used Indian labor on ranches and vineyards to subjugate the Indians. They also assimilated the Indian people by establishing Christianity. (Skidmore, 1999) Intrusions by the French and Spanish made Portugal resort to trying to establish a greater hold on Brazil by using a semi feudal system giving hereditary land grants to nobles in hopes that they would use the natural resources for their own profit while serving the crown. This is when colonization of Brazil began. The nobles would not risk their personal assets, so in 1550 a governor-generalship was created and Governor Tome` de Souza was appointed. (Skidmore, 1999) Portugal’s imperialism in Brazil began as an expansion of trading eventually leading to a governed new land. 1. The Indians of Brazil reacted by trying to resist the Portuguese but they were not as civilized as the city building Indians of Mexico and the Andes Mountains. (Skidmore, 1999) They did not have the armies or fighting forces so they were forced into labor. Some did retreat to the inland, here it was difficult for the Portuguese to follow and capture them due to the heavy vegetation of the rain forest.(Skidmore, 1999) This gave them the advantage in protecting themselves. This led to a decline in the population of native people from maltreatment and European disease they did not have immunity to resist.
B. The American Revolution beginnings started around 1763 at the conclusion of the French and Indian War. The British had spent a great deal of resources during the war and with the Indian threat felt they had to keep an Army in the American colonies. Great Britain decided that the American colonists should help pay for the cost of the war and keeping an army in the colonies. ("Annenberg Learner," 2013) The taxes that the crown would try to implement on the colonists would be the root cause for the revolution. The first tax on molasses was met with little opposition but the Stamp Act of 1763 brought a backlash that Great Britain did not foresee. Taxes in Great Britain were considered a gift from the people and were given with their consent. The colonist had no representation in parliament and believed that the taxation without representation was unfair. The stamp tax included American legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, dice, and playing cards.("Annenberg Learner," 2013) With the push back against the taxes, two regiments of troops were sent in to protect the British royal officials. On March 5, 1770 British troops fired their muskets into a crowd of colonists protesting their presence and five people were killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre. ("Annenberg Learner," 2013) This also made the colonists distrust the government because they believed that free people were not governed at the point of a gun. The original goal of the colonist was to live as free men under the British flag. The goal changed over time when reconciliation with the British government became apparent and the colonists became to distrust the government. The colonists wanted independence from Great Britain and made this known with the Declaration of Independence in 1776. They achieved their goal after Ben Franklin and John Adams help negotiate their...
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Skidmore, T. E. (1999). Brazil: Five centuries of change. [ebrary book]. Retrieved from http://lrps.wgu.edu/provision/24123882
Soomo (2013) The Orange Revolution. Retrieved from http://courses.soomopublishing.com/context/76e753bf-b666-40dc-a665-503595c0b665/tocs/51db14842e0b830002000001/chapters/51ddba66e190ac4d960002a4
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