Gizmo: Final Body Temperature

Topics: Temperature, Heat transfer, Thermoregulation Pages: 5 (714 words) Published: April 15, 2014
Activity A:

Body temperatureGet the Gizmo ready:
If necessary, click Reset ( ).

Question: What factors increase or decrease body temperature?

1.Observe: With the Air temp. at 0 °C (32 °F) and Body temp. at 37 °C (99 °F), click Play ( ). After one simulated hour (does not have to be exact), click Pause ( ).

What is the body temperature after one hour? ____________________________________

2.Gather data: Fill in the first line of the data table below. Then, use the same procedure to test the effect of each of the following factors. Click Reset between each trial. Record the initial and final body temperatures in the table below. (Leave the last column blank.) •Set the Exercise level to 70%. (All other settings in default position.) •Set the Sweat level to 70%.

Under Body position, select Shivering.
Next to Clothing, click Add four times to add a sweatshirt, hat, pants, and parka.

FactorInitial body temp.Body temp. after one hourEffect of factor on body temperature Standing still
Exercising
Sweating
Shivering
Adding clothing

3.Analyze: To determine the effect of a factor on body temperature, compare the final body temperature with that factor to the final body temperature while standing still. Based on this comparison, fill in the last column of the data table.

A.Which factor raised body temperature the most? ____________________________

B.Why do you think this process raises body temperature? ______________________

___________________________________________________________________

C.Which factor lowered body temperature the most? ___________________________

D.Why do you think this process lowers body temperature? ______________________

___________________________________________________________________ Activity A:

Body temperatureGet the Gizmo ready:
If necessary, click Reset ( ).

Question: What factors increase or decrease body temperature?

1.Observe: With the Air temp. at 0 °C (32 °F) and Body temp. at 37 °C (99 °F), click Play ( ). After one simulated hour (does not have to be exact), click Pause ( ).

What is the body temperature after one hour? ____________________________________

2.Gather data: Fill in the first line of the data table below. Then, use the same procedure to test the effect of each of the following factors. Click Reset between each trial. Record the initial and final body temperatures in the table below. (Leave the last column blank.) •Set the Exercise level to 70%. (All other settings in default position.) •Set the Sweat level to 70%.

Under Body position, select Shivering.
Next to Clothing, click Add four times to add a sweatshirt, hat, pants, and parka.

FactorInitial body temp.Body temp. after one hourEffect of factor on body temperature Standing still
Exercising
Sweating
Shivering
Adding clothing

3.Analyze: To determine the effect of a factor on body temperature, compare the final body temperature with that factor to the final body temperature while standing still. Based on this comparison, fill in the last column of the data table.

A.Which factor raised body temperature the most? ____________________________

B.Why do you think this process raises body temperature? ______________________

___________________________________________________________________

C.Which factor lowered body temperature the most? ___________________________

D.Why do you think this process lowers body temperature? ______________________

___________________________________________________________________
Activity A:

Body temperatureGet the Gizmo ready:
If necessary, click Reset ( ).

Question: What factors increase or decrease body temperature?

1.Observe: With the Air temp. at 0 °C (32 °F) and Body temp. at 37 °C (99 °F), click Play ( ). After one simulated hour (does not have to be exact), click Pause ( ).

What is the body...
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