GIS

Satisfactory Essays
STUDYING LANDSCAPE
PATTERNS
(FOCUSES ON THE USE OF GEOGRAPHICAL
INFORMATION SYSTEM)

WHAT IS GIS?
A

software program linked to a database containing massive amounts of geographic information.
 Common tool used in studying the spatial patterns of landscape.
 This tool was first developed in Canada in the 1960s for the “systematic digitization and scanning of maps, analysis of data, and output of new map products” (Tulloch 2000).

GIS PHOTO

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
SYSTEM


It provides:
a. Maps
b. Tables
c. Area specific data sets:
- population distribution - land classification
- vegetation cover - ownership
- topography
- land use
- slope
- soil
- geology

APPLICATION OF GIS TO THE STUDY
OF BIODIVERSITY AT THE LANDSCAPE
LEVEL
Mapping habitat types in both natural and disturbed areas.
 Distribution of plant and animal populations
 Location and extent of forest patches and forest edges.
 Visual representation of the spatial effects of habitat fragmentation.


REHABILITATION AND
ENRICHMENT OF LANDBASED ECOSYSTEMS


Reforestation in the Philippines



Use of Exotic species in Reforestation



Natural Regeneration



Ecological Enrichment through Agroforestry



Forest Reserves and Protected Areas

REHABILITATION THROUGH
REFORESTATION IN THE PHILIPPINES
The objective of Reforestation in the
Philippines is to revitalize marginal and degraded public areas.
 It employs replanting, natural regeneration, direct seeding, and various combination of these techniques.
 Many organizations undertook different programs and participated in government reforestation projects, either on a voluntary or compulsary basis.


REFORESTATION

http://www.intricatestitch.lachancefamily.net/picjmzk/Reforest ation-Programs.html USE OF EXOTIC SPECIES IN
REFORESTATION


The Philippine forestry statistics of 19881992 revealed that the tree species used in reforestation were mostly exotic species.
Species used in Reforestation from 1988-1992
Gmelina arborea
Acacia

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