FILOZOFICKÁ FAKULTA, KATEDRA DEJÍN UMENIA
Giorgione – The Tempest
Odborná angličtina 4
Letný semester Linda Hobinková Ak. rok 2010/11 2. ročník Girogio da Castelfranco
Founder of 16.century Venetian painting, who has place among the biggest renaissance artists. In history of art his works belong to the most problematical. Some scholars give Giorgione credit for dozens of paintings in a variety of styles, others reduce the list to a bare half-dozen. Giorgione’s works arise between 1500 and 1510 in the time of big changes in venetian painting. In another names Zorzi da Castelfranco, Giorgione or Giorgio Barbarelli. He was born in Castelfranco, on the Venetian mainland, probably about 1475-77. In 1510 in Venice he died, still young, of the plague. He came from modest family background. His life before 1504 when he painted altarpiece in Castelfranco is unknown. His name is recorded by a few documents of that time. First by 1507-8 supports that he painted a picture for Palazzo Ducale in Venice. Second states that in 1510 one of the most important Renaissance collector, Isabella d´Este, attempts to obtain one of „night“ paintings. This never happened because neither was for sale. Third states that he painted frescoes on facade of the Fondaco dei Tedeschi – residence of German merchants in Venice. In 1530 about him writes patrician and art expert Marcantonio Michiel who mentions in his notes seven Giorgione’s pictures in private venetian collections. In the late 16.century do not rumour any authentically information about Giorgione. It is well known that he was trained by Giovanni Bellini’s workshop, popular in impressive using of colour and light. Giorgione together with Titian, who was little younger, continue with developing of master’s style and often co-operate on the same commission. In March 1500 Leonardo da Vinci was in Venice, from which Giorgione learned technique maniera moderna, that is sfumato, later typical for Titian. Vasari casts that from this moment he starts paint in modern way. Giorgione moved in the most intellectual circles of Venice where he met with Neo-Platonist philosophers. He was permanent member of court assembled by Cyprian ex-queen Caterina Cornaro in Asola and where met poets, musicians and painters. This was reason why into Venetian art get temporal themes inspired by philosophical reflections and poetics and we have today problems determine their real sense. His most important works where his authorship is undeniable are except The Tempest either Sleeping Venus, Nativity and Adoration of the Shepherds, Enthroned Madonna with Sts. Liberalis and Francis and Three philosophers.
Despite the short Giorgione’s activity his contribution to renaissance painting is very significant. His new style brought to painting individual sfumato, equal to Leonardo da Vinci which makes lights and shadows more vivid and impressive and so modern comprehension of landscape with pulsing life and sense. His work is filled with romantic atmosphere and intense atmospheric colours. Giorgione was mainly appreciated for his depicting of phenomenon of weather, thunderstorm, night mood or sunrise. He developed perception and painting technique. Wood was replaced with canvas, which is better for work. In his portraits knew interpret that strange trembling of human being what we can later see in Titian or El Greco. His figures are surrounded by melancholia and raising on the verge of dream. Giorgione helped Italian art to do an important step forward.
Picture painted just before artist death in 1506 up to 1508 is relatively small-sized. Its size is 82 x 73cm. It is oil on canvas and nowadays is...
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