gifted

Topics: Mental retardation, Educational psychology, Autism Pages: 5 (572 words) Published: October 16, 2013
Characteristics of Gifted Children

Very Observant
Extremely Curious
Intense interests
Excellent memory
Long attention span
Excellent reasoning skills

 This above average giftedness can be generic or acquired.
Mildly gifted (IQ 115-129)
Moderately gifted (IQ 130-144)
Highly gifted (IQ 145-159)
Exceptionally gifted (IQ 160-174)
Profoundly gifted (IQ 175+)

MENTAL RETARDATION
Genetic conditions
Problems during pregnancy.
Problems at birth.
TYPES
 syndromic intellectual disability,
 syndromic intellectual disability,

Delays in oral language development
Deficits in memory skills
Difficulty learning social rules
Difficulty with problem solving skills
Delays in the development of adaptive behaviors such as self-help or self-care skills Lack of social inhibitors

LEARNING DISABILITIES

CAUSES
Heredity
Problems during pregnancy and birth
Accidents after birth

CHARAC
Confusion of similar words, difficulty using phonics, problems reading multi-syllable words. Difficulty with sentence structure, poor grammar, omitted words. Difficulty memorizing basic facts.
Difficulty memorizing basic facts.
Poor organization and time management.
Difficulty "reading" facial expressions, body language.

.
TYPES
Reading disorder
Disorder of Written Expression
Math disability
Nonverbal learning disability
Disorders of speaking and listening:

HEARING IMPAIRMENT

CAUSES

Age
Noise
Genetic
Illness
Neurological disorders
Medications
Chemicals

Physical trauma

CHARAC
SPEECH DELAYS
COMMUNICATION DIFFICULTIES
SELECTIVE HEARING
BEHAVIORAL CHARACTERISTICS
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

TYPES
Conductive Loss
Sensorineural Loss
Mixed Loss

VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
Types
strabismus, where the eyes look in different directions and do not focus simultaneously on a single point; congenital cataracts, where the lens of the eye is cloudy;
retinopathy of prematurity, which may occur in premature babies when the light-sensitive retina hasn’t developed sufficiently before birth; retinitis pigmentosa, a rare inherited disease that slowly destroys the retina; coloboma, where a portion of the structure of the eye is missing; optic nerve hypoplasia, which is caused by underdeveloped fibers in the optic nerve and which affects depth perception, sensitivity to light, and acuity of vision; and cortical visual impairment (CVI), which is caused by damage to the part of the brain related to vision, not to the eyes themselves.

Charac
Eyes that don’t move together when following an object or a face Crossed eyes, eyes that turn out or in, eyes that flutter from side to side or up and down, or eyes that do not seem to focus Eyes that bulge, dance, or bounce in rapid rhythmic movements Pupils that are unequal in size or that appear white instead of black Repeated shutting or covering of one eye (as noticed with Julian) Unusual degree of clumsiness, such as frequent bumping into things or knocking things over Frequent squinting, blinking, eye-rubbing, or face crunching, especially when there’s no bright light present Sitting too close to the TV or holding toys and books too close to the face Avoiding tasks and activities that require good vision

Causes
Injury to the eyes
Inherited conditions of blindness and vision impairment
Infections of the eyes
Amblyopia
Cataract
Diabetic retinopathy
Glaucoma
Age related Macular degeneration

COMMUNICATION DISORDER
CAUSES
Hearing disorders and deafness
Voice problems, such as dysphonia or those caused by cleft lip or palate Speech problems like stuttering
Developmental disabilities
Learning disorders
Autism
Brain injury
Stroke

TYPES
Stuttering 
Articulation difficulties
Voice disorders
Phonological Disorders

CHARAC
receptively communicating

AUTISM
TYPES
Autistic disorder
Asperger's syndrome. 
Pervasive developmental disorder or PDD
Rett syndrome.
Childhood disintegrative disorder.

CAUSES
enetic, cognitive,...
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