HIV can be spread by having unprotected vaginal or anal sex. There is also a risk of transmission through oral sex, but this risk is much lower. HIV can also be caught from sharing sex toys with someone infected with The best way to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is to use a condom for penetrative sex and a dental dam for oral sex. Condoms
Condoms come in a variety of shapes, colours, textures, materials and flavours. Both male and female condoms are available. A condom is the most effective form of protection against HIV and other STIs. They can be used for vaginal and anal sex, and oral sex performed on men. HIV can be passed on before ejaculation, through pre-come and vaginal secretions, and from the anus. It is very important that condoms are put on before any sexual contact occurs between the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. Lubricant
Lubricant, or lube, is often used to enhance sexual pleasure and safety, by adding moisture to either the vagina or anus during sex. Lubricant can make sex safer by reducing the risk of vaginal or anal tears caused by dryness or friction, and it can also prevent a condom from tearing. Only water-based lubricant (such as K-Y Jelly) rather than an oil-based lubricant (such as Vaseline or massage and baby oil) should be used with condoms. Oil-based lubricants weaken the latex in condoms and can cause them to break or tear. Dental dams
A dental dam is a small sheet of latex that works as a barrier between the mouth and the vagina or anus to reduce the risk of STIs during oral sex. Dental dams are available in a variety of flavors and colours, and typically come in two forms: * a sheet, which can be spread across the vagina or anus and held in place during oral sex by either the giver or the receiver * a mask with elasticized bands, which is held in place around the ears of the person giving oral sex, leaving the hands free It is important that dams are only used once, the same side of the dam is always kept against the body, and a new dam is used if a new area of the body is being stimulated. A dam should never be moved from the vagina to the anus or vice versa. . Female condoms work to prevent pregnancy by covering the inside of the vagina. They collect pre-cum and semen when a man ejaculates. This keeps sperm from entering the vagina. Pregnancy cannot happen if sperm cannot join with an egg. By covering the inside of the vagina or anus and keeping semen and pre-cum out, condoms reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections.