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Gibbs Reflective Journal

By nursefromcharlot Jun 21, 2013 729 Words
One of the only universally medically proven methods for preventing the spread of HIV during sexual intercourse is the correct use of condoms, and condoms are also the only method promoted by health authorities worldwide. For HIV positive mothers wishing to prevent the spread of HIV to their child during birth, antiretroviral drugs have been medically proven to reduce the likelihood of the spread of the infection. Increased risk of contracting HIV often correlates with infection by other diseases, particularly other sexually transmitted infections. Medical professionals and scientists recommend treatment or prevention of other infections such as herpes, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human papillomavirus, syphilis, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis as an indirect way to prevent the spread of HIV infection.There's no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. But it's possible to protect yourself and others from infection. That means educating yourself about HIV and avoiding any behavior that allows HIV-infected fluids — blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk — into your body. .If you have HIV you can pass it on to others if you have sex without a condom, or share infected needles, syringes, or other injecting equipment. It is important to continue to practise safer sex even if you and your sexual partner both have HIV. This is because you can catch another strain of the virus that your HIV medication may not be able to control. Intentionally or recklessly transmitting HIV to another person is a criminal offence in the UK. People have been found guilty of passing on HIV and sent to prison. Sex

HIV can be spread by having unprotected vaginal or anal sex. There is also a risk of transmission through oral sex, but this risk is much lower.  HIV can also be caught from sharing sex toys with someone infected with The best way to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is to use a condom for penetrative sex and a dental dam for oral sex. Condoms

Condoms come in a variety of shapes, colours, textures, materials and flavours. Both male and female condoms are available. A condom is the most effective form of protection against HIV and other STIs. They can be used for vaginal and anal sex, and oral sex performed on men. HIV can be passed on before ejaculation, through pre-come and vaginal secretions, and from the anus. It is very important that condoms are put on before any sexual contact occurs between the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. Lubricant

Lubricant, or lube, is often used to enhance sexual pleasure and safety, by adding moisture to either the vagina or anus during sex. Lubricant can make sex safer by reducing the risk of vaginal or anal tears caused by dryness or friction, and it can also prevent a condom from tearing. Only water-based lubricant (such as K-Y Jelly) rather than an oil-based lubricant (such as Vaseline or massage and baby oil) should be used with condoms. Oil-based lubricants weaken the latex in condoms and can cause them to break or tear. Dental dams

A dental dam is a small sheet of latex that works as a barrier between the mouth and the vagina or anus to reduce the risk of STIs during oral sex. Dental dams are available in a variety of flavors and colours, and typically come in two forms: * a sheet, which can be spread across the vagina or anus and held in place during oral sex by either the giver or the receiver * a mask with elasticized bands, which is held in place around the ears of the person giving oral sex, leaving the hands free It is important that dams are only used once, the same side of the dam is always kept against the body, and a new dam is used if a new area of the body is being stimulated. A dam should never be moved from the vagina to the anus or vice versa. . Female condoms work to prevent pregnancy by covering the inside of the vagina. They collect pre-cum and semen when a man ejaculates. This keeps sperm from entering the vagina. Pregnancy cannot happen if sperm cannot join with an egg. By covering the inside of the vagina or anus and keeping semen and pre-cum out, condoms reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections.

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