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Gibbs Model of Reflection

By thuruthi Jul 21, 2013 1336 Words
some of the foods that you can gradually start giving your baby are: * Boiled and mashed vegetables. Use vegetables like potatoes, cauliflower, carrots, beans, etc. * Starchy foods which are rich in carbohydrates like rice, potatoes, cereals, and oats. * Ripe and mashed fruits, e.g., banana, apple. * Diluted fruit juice (1 part fruit juice to 10 parts of water). * Dairy products like cheese and yogurt. * Commercial weaning products contain a variety of ingredients to meet the nutritional needs of your baby.| | Foods to avoid * Never add salt to your baby’s food. Avoid processed foods which contain high amounts of salt. * Too much sugar may cause teething problems. Avoid it until your baby is 1 year old. * Avoid cow’s milk as a drink altogether for 1 year but as it does not meet an infant’s nutritional needs. * Avoid honey till 1 year as they may cause infant Botulism in rare case. * Nuts or seeds should be avoided as they may cause choking. If there is any family history of nut allergy, do not give nuts to your baby till he or she is 3 years old. * Tea and coffee should not be given to your baby. * Cold drinks or any diet drinks should be avoided as they are not meant for children. * Avoid citrus fruits (e.g. orange) until your baby is 6 months old as it may cause painfulDiaper Rash. * Foods containing Gluten like rye, barley, wheat-based foods should not be offered till your baby is 6 months old as Gluten can cause Celiac Disease.| Tips for successful weaning

* Always sit near your baby while he or she is feeding so that your baby does not choke. * Never force feed your baby.
* Make sure that the food is in the right temperature. Do not make it too hot. * If your baby refuses to eat a particular type of food, consider backing off and offer it later on. * Offer your baby a wide range of foods so that he or she gets used to different flavours. * Introduce only one food at a time as it will be easier to detect if your baby is allergic to any particular food. * Encourage your baby to feed himself.

* Try to make it a family affair as it can encourage your baby to eat with enthusiasm. *
* What foods should I not give my baby if she is under a year? * Salt. Your baby's kidneys can't cope with salt yet. It's best not to encourage a liking for it, anyway. Don't blend adult ready-meals for your baby. Ready meals contain high levels of salt. * Honey. Even if she has a cough, your baby shouldn't have honey until she's one. * Sugar. Try sweetening desserts with mashed banana or a purée of stewed dried fruit. Or you could use expressed breastmilk or formula milk. * Artificial sweeteners. Diet drinks or squashes containing artificial sweeteners are not suitable for your baby. They are not nutritious and can encourage a sweet tooth. * Whole nuts. These are a choking hazard.

* Certain fish. Some types of fish may contain traces of mercury. * Tea or coffee. Don't be tempted to add a little tea to your baby's bottle to warm her milk. The tannin in tea may prevent her from absorbing the iron in her food properly. Any caffeinated drink is unsuitable for your baby. * Low-fat foods. Single or double toned milk, yoghurts and reduced-fat cheeses aren't right for your baby. Always offer your baby the full-fat versions. She needs the calories. * Foods which may carry a risk of food poisoning; such as soft mould-ripened cheeses (brie, camembert), liver pâté, and soft-boiled or raw eggs. * Cow's (or goat's or sheep's) milk as a main drink under one year. How much low fat should my baby have?

Up to the age of at least two, fat is an important source of energy for your baby, so full-fat versions of milk, cheese, paneer and yoghurt are important. When she is two, and only if she is growing well, and eats a well-balanced diet, you can gradually introduce lower-fat versions. By the time she is five years old, only about a third of her energy should be provided by fat  How much fibre should my baby have?

Be cautious about introducing too many wholegrain foods and pulses for your baby. These tend to be bulky and can fill up a small tummy, leaving little space for other higher energy foods. So give your baby a mixture of white and wholegrain cereals and breads. If your baby regularly eats pulses and lentils as part of a vegetarian diet, make sure that she has somechapatis, rice, bread, and pasta as well. 

A child between the ages of 6-12 months requires a lot of nutrients like minerals and vitamins to have a proper growth. Most of the children in this age group suffer from diseases like anemia, malnutrition etc due to insufficient intake of the required nutrients. Like an adult’s body, a child’s body also requires minerals and proteins to grow and fight with the diseases. The parents should see to it that their child is given a proper diet rich in the required things. Parents should keep in mind the following points: * During this period start switching your child from mother’s milk to whole milk as whole milk contains fats required for your child. * Your child’s diet must include both liquid as well as solid things. * Don’t over feed your child as this would result in his stomach ache or gas formation. * Give him unsweetened fruit juice. Dilute the juice and then give it to him. Also do not give juice during night time as it may result in tooth decay. * Give him egg yolk at least twice aweek.

* Once your child is an year old then give him egg white and see if your child is allergic to it or not. * Do not give him citrus fruits like lemons, oranges etc. Citrus foods are a strict “NO” for young children as they cause skin rashes and diaper rashes. They also cause stomach ache and so parents should not give their child any citrus fruit. * Do not give your child soft drinks or other caffeine base things as it is very harmful for toddlers. * Do not give uncooked food or big chunks of food to your child as it may get stuck in his food pipe and result in choking. * Boil some green vegetables and properly mash them and give it to your child.

Often parents face problems in deciding the diet plan of their child. They can follow the diet plan given below: Early in the morning:| * 1 cup of milk|
Breakfast:| * 1 cup of baby cereal. * 1 properly cooked egg yolk.| Brunch:| * ½ cup of orange juice.|
Lunch:| * 1 bowl of rice * 2 boiled potatoes. * Daal water.| Snacks:| * Banana or papaya properly squashed and mashed.| Dinner:| * Bean curd mashed and cooked properly. * Baby cereals. * Khichri| The parents can refer the diet plan given above and feed their child accordingly. However the above diet plan should be followed along with breastfeeding. The regularity and amount of food should be increased according to the child. Also keep a check of what your child is allergic to. Slowly and steadily reduce the number of breast feeds and encourage your child to have more and more solid food. Remember to give your child a variety of food so that he develops taste and does not become fussy in future. Give your child lots of nutritious food so that he becomes healthy and strong.

How to initiate weaning and progress
Children have little capacity due to their smaller surface
area. Initially accepts small amount but as he increases in
size, accepts larger volume.
Till 5-6 months - Few spoons to 30ml at a time
From 6- 7 months - 50-75 ml/g at a time
From 7-8 months - 75 - 100 ml/g at a time
From 9- 12 months - 100 - 150 ml/g at a time

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