Ghana

Powerful Essays
Chinese market and culture

Introduction to Ghana

[pic]

Prof Song Xian dao

Lawrence Ampem Darko(王芳)

B07

Contents

• Geographical location and regions

• History

o Colonization

o Post colonization

• Politics

• Economy

• Education and languages

Geographical Location and Regions

[pic]

Ghana is located in the western part of Africa, on the Greenwich meridian and some nautical miles from the equator, so technically Ghana is located in the middle of the world.

Ghana shares its borders with Cote D’ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. All its neighbors are francophone countries but Ghana is an Anglophone country.

There are ten regions in Ghana, these are Upper West, Upper East, Northern Region, Brong Ahafo, Ashanti Region, Volta Region, Western Region, Central Region, and Greater Accra Region.

The capital city of Ghana is Accra, which is located in the Greater accra region.

Ghana has a population of about 23million.

History

Colonization

The Portuguese were the first to arrive in contemporary Ghana. Their original plot was to find another route to India. By 1471, they had reached the area that was to become known as the Gold Coast because it was an important source of gold. The Portuguese interest in trading for gold, ivory, and pepper so increased that in 1482 the Portuguese built their first permanent trading post on the western coast of present-day Ghana. This fortress, a trade castle called São Jorge da Mina, was constructed to protect Portuguese trade from European competitors.

The Portuguese position on the Gold Coast remained secure for over a century. During that time, Lisbon sought to monopolize all trade in the region in royal hands, though appointed officials at

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    The goal was never to enlighten, but to exploit the people of Ghana for all that they never even valued. Ghana gold was a very rewarding item in the marketplace and once the Europeans figured that out there was no stopping the money train. The Portuguese were the first to open the gateway for other Europeans to come in. In 1482, the Portuguese created the first European…

    • 2027 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Assessments chapter 7

    • 398 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Ghana had an abundance of gold, this made it the center of an enormous trade empire. Trade helped Ghana to become a wealthy state. Berbers benefited Ghana the most because their camels carried much of the trade across the dessert.…

    • 398 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Positioned west of Ghana and east of Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire is in West Africa. To put that into perspective, the country is south of Algeria and west of Nigeria.…

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    After the Cold War and World War II many changes took place all across the world. The catalyst for Sub-Saharan Africa reshaping its national identity was Ghana becoming emancipated from British rule in 1957. The national identity for a country or even a region is tied in with that particular area’s overall success. Ghana and Kenya were greatly impacted by this new forming identity. In order to make Sub-Saharan Africa a better place some things were required to change and others were allowed to continue on. A series of things helped reshape Africa such as new found equality, nationalism, and the transition from a series of distressed countries to one unified nation.…

    • 1045 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Portuguese wanted to explore the west coast of Africa to increase trade and to find a new sea…

    • 707 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Once the Portuguese arrived, for example Henry the Navigator which founded the city of Sagres, their main goal was to explore and to find large quantities of gold. By the fifteen century the Portuguese achieved both of their goals, but there was something more that they wanted: maybe a better economy or maybe a faster way to earn money. With these new goals in their minds, the Portuguese started to occupy most of Africa, and started creating commerce between the two.…

    • 1418 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    AP WORLD HISTORY CH 20

    • 1541 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Portuguese ships pushed down the west African coast and finally reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1487. Along the coast, the Portuguese established factories: forts and trading posts with resident merchants. Trade was the basis of Portuguese relations with Africans, but in the wake of commerce followed political, religious, and social relations. Missionary efforts were made to convert the rulers of Benin, Kongo, and other African kingdoms. These first contacts were marked by cultural preconceptions as well as by appreciation and curiosity. Portuguese exploration continued southward toward the Cape of Good Hope and beyond in the 16th century. Although for a long time Portugal’s major interest was in gold, pepper, and other products, a central element in this pattern was the slave trade. Through the slave trade, Portuguese voyages now opened a direct channel to sub-Saharan Africa. The first slaves brought directly to Portugal from Africa arrived in 1441, and after that date slaves became a common trade item.…

    • 1541 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Prince Henry of Portugal is a navigator and a sponsor for the voyages seeking maritime route to trade gold and slaves with Africa. He contributes in the opening of a long sea route around South Africa’s Cape of Good Hope, which leads to more intensive trade between Europe and Africa and Portugal’s dominance in the…

    • 2223 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    chapter 1-4 ap us notes

    • 4299 Words
    • 18 Pages

    The Portuguese set up trading posts along the African beaches trading with slaves and gold, trading habits that were originally done by the Arabs and Africans. The Portuguese shipped the slaves back to Spain and Portugal where they worked on the sugar plantations.…

    • 4299 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ethiopia

    • 1134 Words
    • 5 Pages

    As the anthropologists say, all people come from Ethiopians. “Lucy’s” skeleton discovered in 1974 is considered the oldest human “trace”. It is believed that she lived more than 3 million years ago.…

    • 1134 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Brazilian Gold Rush

    • 541 Words
    • 3 Pages

    During this gold rush, there were still expeditions, but not for the capture of slaves, but more for the control over gold sites, and quilombos (which most towns were created from). The rich Portuguese, or Brazilian-born whites, who got funded from the towns of the coast, like Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, helped those two…

    • 541 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Portugal was a pioneer fathering the Age of Exploration. She set out to investigate the coastlines of Africa in the middle of the 15-century looking to just dig up the unheard of. In an effort to accomplish these terrifying ambitions, Bartolomeu Dias rounded the tip of the “dark continent” south of Europe in 1488 opening a direct route beyond Africa through the Cape of Good Hope. This fueled interest in finding quicker routes starting with Vasco De Gama who was the first to reach India traveling the long passage around the coast. Along the shoreline in places such as Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, the Portuguese launched an economically sound foundation of sugarcane plantations and gold trading posts. They enjoyed a private monopoly of slave…

    • 1220 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Some background information on Ghana is useful for you so that you can understand more about the country itself. Ghana is on the West Coast of Africa. It shares boundaries with Togo to the east, Cote d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea, to the south. The country's economy is dominated by agriculture, which is about 40 percent of the working population. Ghana is one of the leading exporters of cocoa in the world. It is also a significant exporter of luxuries such as gold and lumber. A country covering an area of 238,500 square kilometres, Ghana has an estimated population of 22 million, with more than one hundred ethnic groups - each with its own unique language; English is the official language.…

    • 856 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    the kingdom of Ghana became the center of trade for gold, it helped strengthen their realm by controlling and taxing trade. In return, they received horses, cloth, small manufactured wares, and most importantly salt. (it was a crucial commodity that local sources could not supply in large quantities.…

    • 1228 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Senegal

    • 2006 Words
    • 9 Pages

    F - Boredom is an emotional state experienced when an individual is left without anything in particular to do, and not interested in their surroundings.…

    • 2006 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays

Related Topics