Select one Cognitive theorist listed below in preparation for this assignment: Max Wertheimer (Gestalt theory)
Edward C. Tolman
Write a 750- to 1,050-word paper in which you analyze cognitive theories. Address the following items: Discuss the contributions that your selected theorist made to the field of learning and cognition. Describe the model(s) associated with your selected theorist. Discuss the theoretical concepts associated with the model(s). Analyze the modern-day relevancy of the model(s), such as in media advertisements or education. Include at least two references.
PERSONAL THERAPEUTIC STYLE
Personal Therapeutic Paper
Trine University of Fort Wayne--SPS
To help me come to terms with my shyness as a child, my mother and grandmother explained to me that some people, including me, are flowers who bloom in the shade and keep their petals closed, while others are sunflowers who draw energy from their surroundings. In psychological terms that I have studied, these two kinds of people are known as introverts and extroverts. Most of us exhibit some qualities of both, but knowing our primary orientation may help us play up our strengths, cope with our weaknesses, and keep our personality types balanced. I was once an introvert. Always shunned myself from others and just kept myself trapped in exile because I did not want to be bothered with others. As I got in my teen years and adulthood I became an extrovert. It is like I broke out of my shell and transformed into a new person. I loved to play all types of sports and making friends was not a problem either. I found myself interacting a lot more with other people. Even though I was not the life of the party, I still enjoyed being at social events and other entertaining functions. When I was a boy I had a reputation for being stubborn. I don't personally recall any incidents in which I exhibited stubbornness when I was young and I am not sure I considered myself stubborn but I do remember that my mother regarded me as stubborn, and not just stubborn but stubborn in the extreme. According to her stubbornness was my most distinguishing personality trait. I had my mind set on everything I did. For instance, my mother told me when I was young I always wanted my way and if I did not have it my way that I had big temper tantrums. Also, my mother has related an incident that happened when I was a young teen (thirteen years old). My pants were down and she pulled them up. I pushed them back down. She then pulled them back up. I then pushed them back down again. I am not sure how long this extreme stubbornness lasted but if you do assume that I was stubborn, and I assume that I was if she says I was, then that fact may throw light on other parts of my personality. I am also a very independent individual. I solely depend on myself because I do not like to depend on others. I am a quiet and realistic, very rational, extremely matter of fact person. I strongly cultivate my individualism and enjoy applying my abilities to new tasks. But I am a very spontaneous and impulsive person. According to the text, Gestalt therapy helps the clients to become aware of their present behavior in preparation for learning or choosing new behaviors. Also, this type of therapy is based upon philosophical concepts that make a strong distinction between what one actually knows and what one perceives through subjective, misleading, senses. Gestalt therapy shows us the cause-and-effect of past and present occurrences in our lives. In the end, this type of therapy and its techniques provides the therapeutic treatment that is needed for a counselor to client relationship to be successful in terminating the client’s issues. And this type of therapy is aimed towards beginning counselors it would work great for me. First, in regards to my situations and other experiences in life, I would use the empty-chair or two-chair...
References: Brennan, J. F. (2003). The Gestalt Movement. In (Ed.), History and Systems of psychology (6 ed., p. 205). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Columbia Encyclopedia (2001). In (6 ed.). Retrieved from bartleby.com Web Site: http://www.bartleby.com
Combs, A. W., & Snygg, D. (1949). Individual Behavior: A Perceptual Approach to Behavior. In (Ed.), (p. 193). New York: Harper and Row.
Encyclopedia Britannica (1999). In Max Wertheimer.
Latner, PH.D, J. (1973). The Gestalt Therapy Book. New York: Julian Press.
Moore, P., & Fitz, C
Moore, P., & Fitz, C. (1993). Gestalt Theory and Instructional Design ().
Myers, David G
Perls, F.S. In and Out the Garbage Pail. Lafayette, California: Real People Press, 1969b; New York: Bantam Books, 1972
School of Education and Psychology
Watson, Sr, R. I. (1978). THE great psychologist (4 ed.). New York: J.B. Lippincott Co.
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