Gestalt Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Mind, Perception Pages: 4 (557 words) Published: December 8, 2014


Gestalt Psychology
PSY/310

Influences of Gestalt Psychology
There are many influences that have made significant changes and have inspired different views in which Gestalt psychology is regarded; but there are only a few that has impacted the entire outcome for how psychologist view the mind and curved their understanding of how it works. Through extensive research; trial and error, previous psychologist was able to unlock the minds natural mystery and a get a glimpse of its rationalism in action. “Gestalt psychology influenced the cognitive movement with its focus on “organization, structure, relationships, the active role of the subject, and the important part played by perception in learning and memory” (Schultz, 2011, Chapter 15, Antecedent Influences on Cognitive Psychology). Antecedent Influences on Gestalt Psychology

Antecedent focuses on perception and the minds way to connect, however that may be. It is the brains way of filling in the blanks, a way of recognition and identification, a way to connect. Gestalts Law of Perceptual Organization explains six forms of psychology within its sector, The Law of Pragnanz which derived from a German word which means good figure; The Law of Similarity states that similar objects are perceived as being grouped together; The Law of Proximity explains that objects that are in close proximity appear to be grouped together; The Law of Common Fate informs us that objects moving in the same direction appear to be  grouped together; The Law of Familiarity are things that form patterns that are familiar or meaningful are likely to become grouped together; The Law of Good Continuation displays that when connected points result in smoothly curving lines, the lines tend to be viewed in a way that follows the smoothest path (Goldstein, p, 107).

Phenomenology
Another early influence in Gestalt psychology was Phenomenology; a German philosophy and...

References: Schultz, D. P. (2011). A History of Modern Psychology (10th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
The daily philosopher. (2004). Retrieved from http://www.thedailyphilosopher.org/daily/000011.php?back=&title=Heraclitus
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