Germany: the Weimar Period

Topics: Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, Nazism, Weimar Republic / Pages: 26 (6433 words) / Published: Feb 20th, 2012
Germany 1918 – 1939
Principal focus: Students investigate the key features and issues of the history of Germany 1918 – 1919
Key features and issues:
- Successes and failures of democracy
- Nature and role of nationalism
- Influence of the German army
- Nature and influence of racism
- Changes in society
- The nature and impact of Nazism
- Aims and impact of Nazi foreign policy
Students learn about:
1. Weimar Republic
- Emergence of the Democratic Republic and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles
- Political, economic and social issues in the Weimar Republic to 1929
- Collapse of the Weimar Republic 1929 – 1933
- Impact of the Great Depression on Germany 2. The rise of the Nazi Party
- Rise of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) from 1923
- Hitler’s accession to power
- Initial consolidation of Nazi power 1933 – 1934 3. Nazism in power
- Hitler’s role in the Nazi state
- Nazism as totalitarianism
- The role of propaganda, terror and repression; SA and SS; opposition to Nazism
- Social and cultural life in the Nazi state: role of Hitler Youth, women, religion
- Nazi racial policy; anti-Semitism: policy and practice to 1939 4. Nazi foreign policy
- Nature of Nazi foreign policy: aims and strategies to September 1939
- Impact of ideology on Nazi foreign policy to September 1939

1. Weimar Republic
Emergence of the Democratic Republic and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles
Emergence of the Democratic Republic
- Oct. 2 1918 ®Reichstag was told Germany cannot win the war. Allies demanded the Germans establish democracy before peace would be discussed; this meant Kaiser Wilhelm II had to abdicate, which he refused to do.
- German revolution started at Kiel, where there was mutiny in the navy. Workers/soldiers soon followed their example, and revolution spread.
- 9 Nov. ®revolution came to

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