Geostrategic of Syria during the conflicts

Topics: Syria, Iraq, Jordan Pages: 16 (4330 words) Published: October 20, 2014
PRESIDENT UNIVERSITY
SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, COMMUNICATIONS, AND LAW

Geostrategic of Syria during the conflicts
Final Term Exam Paper

Anggun Desimalinda
016 2012 00057
International Relations Defense Class 2 2012

Strategic Environment
Yugolastarob Khomeini
July 15th 2014

Table of Contents
Table of Contents……………….......………………………………………………………..1 Background of Study ............................................................................................................... 2 Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 2 Theoretical Framework ........................................................................................................3-5 Analysis………………………………………………………………………………........6-13 The importance of routes in Syria as region’s geopolitical reality ...................................... 6 Syria’s borders and territorial security ..............................................................................7-9 Syria’s Military Projection ............................................................................................. 10-12 Syria’s Diplomatic Activity………………………………….…………………….……...13 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………..……14 References………………………………………………………………………………...…15

1

Geostrategic of Syria during the conflicts
Background of Study
The study of geostrategy is known to bring students to the understanding of geographic direction of a state’s foreign policy.1 After understanding about the geopolitical situation in certain region—on the previous midterm exam paper—it seems incomplete without digging also more about the Syria’s geostrategy. By the end of the paper, it is expected that student will get thorough knowledge of the strategic environment after using the geopolitics-geostrategy analysis on certain case.

Introduction
The case this paper will highly concentrate is Syria’s political tension during the conflicts which involve many other Middle East’s states. The tension has become ‘the Syrian Crisis’ as it is never controlled in good manner to prevent it becoming a crisis. From the very start, the uprising had taken time in March 2011. It led to more major conflicts between the Free Syrian Army and the persistent regime as they demand on the resignation of Bashar AlAssad. However these political tensions must have not hampered the foreign policy taken by Syria in pursuing control over its resources and route; or in the most basic sense, for the importance of protecting state borders. If it seemed to hampering enough the foreign policy decision making of Syria to be finished, the only explanation can only be seen in the study of where the state directs its power and the geographic focus of the state’s foreign policy. 2 In other words, geography is the one that Syria need, as it gives choice to where to project, if any, power and influence.

Despite of analyzing solely on the Syria’s foreign policy—means and ways—in geographic sense, the geopolitical reality in Middle East should also be considered as it gave the background of the region’s strategic ends. The region’s geopolitics, as has been shown in the previous paper, is the importance of routes whereas the Syria’s western shores verge with Mediterranean Sea and the Arab Gas Pipeline becomes Syria’s geostrategic advantage. The understanding of this Syria’s geostrategic advantage is expected to be comprehensively done in this paper.

1

Refers to Grygiel, Jakub J. Great Powers and Geopolitical Change (Baltimore: the John Hopkins university Press, 2006)

2

Ibid. p. 36

2

Research Question
The research question is; how is Syria’s geostrategy towards region’s geopolitical reality during the conflicts?

Theoretical Framework
Geography as the key variable
According to Jakub J. Grygiel, at the level of foreign policy, geography is a geopolitical reality to which states respond by formulating and...

References:  Grygiel, Jakub J. Great Powers and Geopolitical Change (Baltimore: the John Hopkins
university Press, 2006) p.22
Conflict.” Noria Research: Focus on Syria (2014): n.pag. Web. 13rd July 2014.
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