Top-Rated Free Essay
Preview

George Washington's Biography-2 pages including paragraphs on -introduction -early life -land surveying -french and indian war -revolutionary war -later years

Good Essays
1116 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
George Washington's Biography-2 pages including paragraphs on -introduction -early life -land surveying -french and indian war -revolutionary war -later years
George Washington Biography

George Washington (1732 - 1799), the First President of the United States, is a prominent individual of the American history. He was commander in chief of the victorious Continental army of the American Revolution and won many important battles that helped the Americans defeat the British. During his presidential terms, he set many important precedents for the following Presidents, such as having Presidential Cabinet Members. He was nicknamed for his accomplishments as the "Father of His Country".

George Washington was born on Feb. 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County, Virginia on an estate along the Potomac River. He was the oldest son of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington. When Washington was eleven, his father died and left only himself, his mother and his five other brothers and sisters. After the his father's death, Washington could not go to school because he needed to help at the family farm to acquire enough money for his family to live. In his free time he practiced land surveying for fun with his father's tools. Later, Washington started his occupation as a surveyor. When Washington turned 16, he surveyed lands of the Shenandoah for Thomas, Lord Fairfax.

After his half-brother, Lawrence, had died, Washington inherited the farm and large amount of land at Mount Vernon, Virginia. Also, Lawrence was adjutant of the colony so Washington took over this responsibility. As district adjutant, he was referred to as Major Washington and was had trained the militia in the quarter he was assigned to. He first gained public awareness by being adjutant of Virginia and was sent off to warn the French to stop additional intrusion on the land of the northern colonies. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1754 to carry out this task and he departed to the North. Washington found out that the French already had a set up a fort and had a large number of soldiers camped, so he quickly built Fort Necessity. However, the French surrounded and attacked Fort Necessity. The French captured Washington in this attack. Luckily, Washington was released based on the earlier agreements of the British and French. These first several battles fought were the beginnings of the French and Indian War. The next year, Washington volunteered to be the aide of General Edward Braddock because he was discouraged and angered by the defeat. At that time, Washington tried to convince Braddock to use the style of fighting of the Native Americans, but Braddock disagreed and used the regular fighting technique. Braddock was mortally wounded in this battle and Washington was nearly injured because of four bullets that ripped his coat and two horses that were shot from under him.

After the French and Indian War, Washington was 26 years old and fell in love with Martha Dandridge Custis. She was a wealthy widow with her two children, Martha "Patsy" and John Parke. They married and moved to Mount Vernon where Lawrence once lived. Washington was very successful in farming there. While they lived in Mount Vernon, Washington was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1759 to 1774 and he strongly against the British Stamp Act and the Townsend Act which set taxes on many products. Washington like many others did not buy these taxed products and boycotted them. In the middle of 1774, Washington thought that the many British laws were striving to stop self-government within the colonies and were attempting to have tyrannical rule over the colonies as the King had over England. Washington was one of the few that proposed of a continental congress to be held to govern the colonies. He was elected to be a delegate of Virginia for the First Continental Congress. The Congress created a new government devoted to overthrow unfair rule of Britain. The Second Continental Congress joined together on May 10, 1775, after the fighting of Lexington and Concord had took place. Surrounded by almost 14,000 of Massachusetts's soldiers, the British army was trapped in Boston. The British government announced that Massachusetts had committed treason after this rebellion, and were trying to take over MA. Washington appeared at the Second Congress in full uniform conveying the message that he was in support of Massachusetts. Congress created the Continental Army for this reason to fight the British. Washington was unanimously elected as general and commander in chief of the army.

As commander of the Continental Army, Washington's actions were left to him because the Congress could not provide laws to help. Washington was given full power to do anything with authority to improve the service. As General, Washington lost many battles such as the Battle of Long Island but Washington learned from his many experiences and he began to have many successes such as the Battle of Saratoga which was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. The colonies in this war had a great number of help from other countries, such as France, and Washington became good friends with Marquis de Lafayette. This war was won by the help of the French and Washington's expertise. After the war, Washington left the power of general and returned back to Mount Vernon to be with his wife.

Washington became President on April 30, 1789. Washington did not have any examples to follow of previous Presidents since he was the first. One of the first precedents that Washington set was to have only two terms in office. This precedent was followed until 1940. Another was to have the Cabinet contain two leaders of different ideas to balance the Cabinet. Washington appointed John Jay as the Chief Justice because Washington felt he was most suitable. In the Whiskey Rebellion, Washington sent many soldiers to stop the farmers from revolting and the farmers instantly stopped. Washington also pardoned the farmers for their actions because the government's strength was already shown. This event is very similar to Shay's Rebellion, but the swift ending of the Whiskey Rebellion showed that the Constitution worked well and strong.

In the Spirit of Cincinnatus, Washington left his power after being the General of the Continental Army, and after the Presidency to go back to his farm at Mount Vernon. Each morning he rode his large farm on horseback. Sometimes he rode fifteen miles north of Mount Vernon to watch the building of a new city. The city would be the capital of the United States, named after him, as Washington D.C. Washington died at Mount Vernon of a throat infection in December 14, 1799, after he made his last tour of his property on horseback in the winter weather. It has been said that George Washington was, "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen."

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    * George Washington’s first job was as a land surveyor, which enabled him to buy land. After the death of his older brother he was asked to take his position as adjutant general of the colony. His main responsibility was overseeing the militia of the districts and with this experience, a year later he served as a colonel in the French and Indian War. By the late 1700's he gained ample amounts of recognition for his militia experience and was appointed military advisor for New York, defending it from British attack. Weeks later, the Second Continental Congress appointed him Commander-in-Chief of the entire military…

    • 1412 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington was one of America’s greatest leaders. He was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Washington died December 14, 1799, in Mount Vernon, Virginia. He grew up to serve as general and commander in chief of the colonial armies during the American Revolution, and later became the first president of the United States of America. He led us to victory in the Revolutionary War. His strategies were amazing and still used today in the army.…

    • 1003 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    George Washington was born on February twenty second of the year 1732. George alway had his birthday celebrated on the eleventh for some odd reason. But George was born in Westmoreland county Virginia,home to his family since the mid-1650s. George was the oldest of the second group of children his mother had. His mother was name Mary Ball but when she married Georges dad Gus she became Mary Washington. George moved when he was seven years old to a farm where they took twenty…

    • 919 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    George Washington family’s trace could go back to England to his great-grandfather John Washington. Little is know about George’s father Augustine Washington he took part in slavery and had a wife and 3 kids. Historians know very little about George Washington’s childhood. George Washington’s grandfather Lawrence Washington migrated to Virginia. George’s father died when he was 11 his brother Lawrence helped him go to school and get a good education.…

    • 190 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    George Washington’s first ancestor to live in the new world was his great grandfather John Washington. George Washington was the oldest of his siblings. When George was 17 his father Augustine became mortally sick caused by looking over his land while riding a horse in bad weather. Which ironically was the same way George died. George only…

    • 1634 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington led America's Revolutionary Army, kept peace after the war was over, and was our first president. He first came to notice as a soldier serving in the French-Indian war. He was a modest man and a successful Virginia farmer when he was elected the commander of the Continental Army. He united the country at the end of the fighting and kept the country together through his presidency.…

    • 462 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    George Washington was born on February 11, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. At the age of 11 his first major tragedy came upon him, which was the death of his father. Washington obtained a limited formal education, which is roughly equivalent to an elementary education by today's standards. Already at a young age, Washington rivaled with John Adams. Adams was once quoted saying that Washington was "too illiterate, unlearned, unread for his station and reputation (Presidents pg 2)." In 1748, while Washington was living with his brother at Mount Vernon, he secured the position of surveyor for Lord Fairfax's lands in the Shenandoah Valley. In 1753 Washington was living in complete comfort with 5,000 acres of land. In 1753, Washington offered his services to Virginia's lieutenant governor, to lead a mission to Ohio to warn the French out of town. In 1754 Washington built a major blunder called fort Necessity, with no success of keeping the French out, Washington retreated back with his men. In the 1770s Washington helped out with the revolution as a general. He did not have many victories but won the important battles that helped America to victory over the British. Once the war ended, Washington was highly respected everywhere he went and by everybody for his duties during the war.…

    • 1577 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington was commander and chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783. He was also elected to be the first U.S President served two terms, from 1789 to 1797. Before he was in the colonial army he fought in the French and Indian War from1754 to 1763. After George Washington was elected to office he realized that he need to set an example for the following presidents. In December 1752 George Washington was elected to be a commander of the Virginian militia, after experiencing battle in the French and Indian war he was in charge of the…

    • 618 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington was a very important man, not only to American history but to the time period where and when he lived. He grew up as a very smart young man and grew up very wealthy also. He was also very into the outdoors, hunting, trapping, horseback riding and even mapping. Later on in his life these skills will have helped him and his country.…

    • 582 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington was also a great leader in America. George Washington was a military, political, and moral leader without him the United States would not be what they are today. Washington was the commander and chief of the of the continental army during the American Revolutionary war. He served two terms as the first U.S. president. “During the American Revolution, he led the colonial forces to victory over the British and became a national hero.” (George Washington). Overall, Washington led his troops on countless victories, and even some failures, but he never gave up and always led his troops and the people in the right direction. Washington cared for his troops no matter what. He knew that his troops were poorly trained, very hungry and did not have the proper equipment, but somehow Washington pulled them all together and gave them the motivation they needed to keep going. Lastly, Washington was a fantastic political leader for America. He proved this in 1787. “He was asked to attend the Constitutional convention in Philadelphia and head the committee to draft the new constitution.” (George Washington). He was one of the men to write the Constitution which we still follow today. George Washington is the definition of a great American…

    • 1119 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    George Washington

    • 2488 Words
    • 10 Pages

    George Washington was born on the February 22, 1732 in Virginia. Washington had no formal education. Unlike his brothers he was never sent to England for schooling and a higher education. Instead he received a grammar school education in Virginia.…

    • 2488 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington was the First President of the Unitd States (1789-1797)and commander in chief of the Continental army (1775-1783) at a most critical period in American history. He was one of the most influlential revolutionary leaders of his time and earned the title "Father of His Country." While commander in chief of the Continental army, he won many important battles that helped the Americans defeat the British, then the most powerful nation in the world. Washington made the American Revolution successful not only by his personal military triumphs but also by his skill in directing other operations. With boh military background nad training, Washington had learned how to challenge me to give their best. He created the Continental Army out of what was little more than an armed mob, which fought and won the American Revolution. With victiory won, Washington was the most highly looked upon man in the United States. Many people wanted Washington to use this power to establish a military dictatorship or to become king. Washington did not pursue this idea bcause he realized dictatorship would be the downfall of the future independent nation. He was the leading influence of the union of the states under a strong central government and later the Constitution of the United States. After a new government was organized, Washington was unanimously chosen the first President and took office in 1783. Washington's role as president was important in winning the support for the new government's domestic and foreign policies. He is responsible for building much of the country's political nad econmic structure. Washington fully understood the significance of his presidency. Probably no other man could have succeded in turning the states into a loasting union. Around 1792, Washington was thinkin about retirement. Bothe Hamilton and Jefferson advised him that if he were to retire the North and South might divide. efferson said to him, "NOrth and South will hang together if they…

    • 405 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    George Washington Dbq

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The American Revolutionary War went on between 1775-1783 and was lead by the patriot general George Washington. George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, and was the eldest Washington to make it into adulthood. George was the General in charge of the Continental Army, he had prior experience as a soldier during the French and Indian war. The reason why George Washington was selected to be the general of the continental army was because he was determined to the cause, was “vigorous and young enough to survive the long campaigns of a protracted conflict” , and he was from Virginia. When choosing the leader of the continental army it was suggested that he was from Virginia because “To make the rebellion a truly continental endeavor , the…

    • 1513 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    In Colonial Virginia, Washington was born into the provincial gentry in a wealthy, well connected family that owned tobacco plantations using slave labor. He was home schooled by his father and older brother, but both died young, and he became attached to the powerful Fairfax clan, who promoted his career as a surveyor and soldier. Strong, brave, eager for combat and a natural leader, young Washington quickly became a senior officer of the colonial forces, 1754–58, during the first stages of the French and Indian War. Indeed, his rash actions helped precipitate the war. Washington's experience, his military bearing, his leadership of the Patriot cause in Virginia, and his political base in the largest colony made him the obvious choice of the Second Continental Congress in 1775 as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army to fight the British in the American Revolution. He forced the British out of Boston in 1776, but was defeated and nearly captured later that year when he lost New York City. After crossing the Delaware River in the dead of winter, he defeated the enemy in…

    • 937 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    George Washington had a normal life. George Washington was born on february 22, 1732. He was married to Martha Custis. According to www.key fact about george washington “Americans celebrate George Washington's birthday on monday before the actual birth.” George Washington led the army well.…

    • 188 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays

Related Topics