Through its portrayal of human experience, Orwell’s 1984 reinforces the significance of absolute power and control. To what extent does your interpretation of 1984 support this view? In your response, make detailed reference to the novel.
George Orwell’s 1984, is a political novel representing the dangers of a totalitarian government, vividly describing the effects and significance of their power and control through the portrayal of human experiences. The Party uses methods of psychological manipulation to control the citizens of Airstrip One, prohibiting their mind’s capacity for independent thought and therefore, reducing the amount of people rebelling against the Party. This power is demonstrated through human experience from the very start of the book, as when Winston is walking to work posters reading, “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU,” blare down at the citizens, manipulating them to not do anything out of order, as if they do anything wrong, Big Brother will know. The sign is meant literally as in every citizen’s room there is a telescreen, monitoring their behaviour. Furthermore, the telescreens also stream constant propaganda, advising the citizens to the ‘successes’ of the Party, manipulating citizens into believing that the Party is always making improvements for their life when really the Party is failing. For example with the chocolate ration, Winston remembers last week they got 30 grams of chocolate and this week the Party were proposing that by making the chocolate ration 20 grams they were increasing it, Winston was amazed that all the citizens were cheering, Winston could not understand why they believed it. Lastly, the Party’s ability to manipulate people is demonstrated when Winston is being tortured by O’Brien and Winston ends up believes whatever O’Brien says, for example, “2+2=5”and being a loyal citizen, in the end, loving Big Brother. The Party controls every source of information, managing and rewriting the content of newspapers and...
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