Geology Species Woolly Mammoth Paper

Topics: Woolly mammoth, Mammoth, Elephant Pages: 2 (828 words) Published: May 7, 2012
Extinct Species

Woolly Mammoths

During the last Ice Age, there were many large, interesting mammals, such as the Woolly Mammoth. This animal has long since gone extinct and any knowledge on it is based on fossils and frozen carcasses. We have learned much about the Woolly Mammoth, almost more than any other dinosaur that has been identified. A Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus and a sister genus to elephas. Woolly Mammoths were approximately 11 feet tall, had long tucks and weighed six to eight tons. Other than a couple details, a modern day visual comparison would be to the Savannah elephant.

Mammoths lived during the Pleistocene epoch from 1.6 million to approximately 10,000 years ago. There are multiple theories on why the Mammoths went extinct. There is scientific evidence to show that during their life span there was a Dramatic climate change that affected vegetation patterns and hence, food source. Another idea proposed is that humans over hunted the species faster than they could reproduce. Another theory, with no scientific evidence, is that new diseases introduced by animals and humans crossing the land bridge from Siberia is responsible for their extinction. Others believe there was a meteorite that hit earth. The problem with this theory is that all of the Wooly Mammoths would have had to of been living extremely close together for one meteorite to eliminate them all. However, the most common idea is that it was a combination of the Mammoth being over-hunted and a scarce food supply which lead to the Mammoths' extinction. The Wooly Mammoth was a very large mammal, one of the largest mammals on earth. In comparison to other Mammoths it was medium sized, standing eleven feet tall and weighing six to eight tons. Male Mammoths were approximately three feet taller than females. Overall males were much larger and heavier than females. They also had larger and heavier skulls as well as bigger tusks. Male's tusks that were up...
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